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What antibiotics treatment for Mycoplasma and Mycoplasma?

If in the process of examination of the patient human organism detected Mycoplasma, antibiotic treatment is the most effective method of therapy. These microorganisms are sensitive to many antibiotics (cephalosporins, macrolides, tetracyclines). Mycoplasmosis can occur in two clinical forms. This may affected the respiratory tract or the genitourinary system. What is the etiology, clinic and treatment of mycoplasmosis?

Features of Mycoplasma

Mycoplasmosis develops as a result of ingestion of mycoplasmas. This small gram-negative microorganisms, their properties are neither viruses nor bacteria. For man, the most dangerous are the following species of Mycoplasma: Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Mycoplasma genitalium and Mycoplasma hominis. Mycoplasma are intracellular parasites. This means that, once in the host organism, they grow and multiply inside cells. The preferential localization of Mycoplasma - mucous membrane of the respiratory tract and urinary organs.

The magnitude of these microbes ranges from 0.2 to 0.8 µm. In form they resemble jellyfish. Mycoplasma are characterized by the following features:

  • influence the immune system (inhibit or stimulate);
  • contain DNA and RNA;
  • able to grow outside of host cells;
  • transmitted primarily by the contact mechanism.

Передача микоплазмоза половым путем

With urogenital Mycoplasma, antibiotics are prescribed both sexual partners.

At the time of therapy required to abstain from sexual relations. For the treatment of mycoplasmosis, the following antibiotics: macrolides ("Azitroks", "Erythromycin", "Vilprafen"), a tetracycline ("Doxycycline"), fluoroquinolones (Levofloxacin, Ofloxacin), aminoglycosides.

In the case of mixed infections (Mycoplasma, chlamydia) appropriate use "Trichopolum". It is a comprehensive tool that is effective against most pathogens of urogenital infections. Antibiotics can be taken in tablet form for oral administration or they injection (intramuscular). Often systemic treatment combined with local. In this situation, apply an antibacterial suppository, urethral sticks (with urogenital Mycoplasma) or various throat sprays. In parallel to antibiotics, the doctor may prescribe antifungal agents ("If"), probiotics, prebiotics, Immunostimulants, antioxidants.


The effectiveness of therapy is evaluated after laboratory tests. Thus, antibiotics are the mainstay of treatment of mycoplasmal infections. The drugs are selectedindividually.