In developed countries in the last decade, intrauterine infection of the fetus occurs more frequently than bacterial agents, and persistent intracellular (slow) infection. On the first row of statistics are Mycoplasma.
A predisposition to infection due to physiological immunosuppression in pregnant women. The decrease in the level of resistance leads to the development of diseases of the urogenital tract, infection of the fetus, the formation of congenital anomalies, premature birth, miscarriage.
What are Mycoplasma threaten the future mother
From the class Mollicutes (mollicute) normal pregnancy and a successful birth, according to scientists, is threatened:
recognized by the pathogen Mycoplasma genitalium;
opportunistic Ureaplasma urealyticum, Mycoplasma hominis.
They lack cell walls, instead of which has a three-layer cytoplasmic membrane. This feature leads to the non-viability of prokaryotes outside the host cell but provides high penetrating ability and resistance to immunity within the body.
The pathogenesis of urogenital mycoplasmosis in pregnant women
Microorganisms penetrate into the cell due to adesina. They are protected from the immune response, both humoral and cellular, that firmly attached to membranes and interact with cell. The pathological factor is the allocation of mycoplasmas in the host organism of enzymes and toxins. In the process of life is a parasite it feeds on cells, disrupts protein synthesis and metabolism, exchange of biological signals, makes "junk" genetic information.
For healthy people Mycoplasma become dangerous in cases of concentrations greater than 104 CFU per 1 ml discharge in the lesion. In conditions of low immunity, pregnant women can respond to fewer germs.
Colonization of the urogenital organs of the female Mycoplasma could happen:
Before pregnancy, then she is either a carrier of pathogens or suffer from chronic diseases.
In the early stages of pregnancy.
In the last trimester.
In the latter two cases, Mycoplasma infections will develop acute.
The infection is transmitted by:
Comprehensive treatment includes immunomodulators, multiprobiotics (1-3 months), homeopathic remedies, multivitamins, medications.
Timely and complete treatment of mycoplasmosis in pregnant women reduces the frequency of complications in childbirth, the probability of birth of sick children.
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