What can threaten causes Mycoplasma genitalium (M. hominis) during pregnancy
Mycoplasma are the causative agents Mycoplasma. Mycoplasma - single-celled organisms that can inhabit the human body and cause various inflammatory processes. It is believed that causes Mycoplasma genitalium can be present to each person, but it manifests itself in case of failures of the immune system. As you know, pregnancy lowers the immune processes in the body, so a pregnant woman can be susceptible to various diseases.
Mycoplasma can inhabit the urogenital system, cervix, vagina, and thus to cause the inflammation in the places of their settlement. Mycoplasmas are transmitted sexually and rarely through everyday life. At risk for infection they are women with promiscuity or have suffered other sexually transmitted infections.
Symptoms and detection methods for mycoplasmas during pregnancy
A feature of this disease is that it may be asymptomatic and to have a hidden character. Approximately 40% of cases it happens that way. A pregnant woman can and not suspect about presence of it and learn about it only from the doctor after the examination when the registration in the antenatal clinic. But in most cases the disease has certain symptoms, even if they remain unaddressed. Usually the first signs of the disease after infection may manifest a few weeks later. Symptoms are similar with many diseases of the genitourinary system, for example, yeast infections, and their severity is not significant. In particular, the symptoms can be the following:
- the genital discharge that may be light and transparent, and therefore not be suspicious for women.
- itching in the genital area;
- pain during sexual intercourse;
- unpleasant painful sensations during urination.
Although the possibility of intrauterine infection of the fetus is minimal, Mycoplasma carries a risk for birth process, or rather, the child may be infected during birth, while passing through the birth canal. At the birth of a healthy child the colonization of these microorganisms on skin and mucous membranes of a child might not entailserious health consequences. But if the child was born premature or weakened, such infections can cause:
- diseases of the nasopharynx;
- the defeat of the urogenital system in girls;
The consequences of infection can occur immediately after birth, and in the future of the child. The weaker the immune system of the child, the harder it can be for diseases. Mycoplasma can affect the course of the postpartum process in women and to cause postpartum complications such as:
- inflammation of the uterine appendages - adnexitis;
- inflammation of the vagina - vaginitis and vaginosis;
- inflammation of the kidneys - pyelonephritis.
Mycoplasmosis is treated only with antibiotics, and the need for treatment arises, if the microorganisms are found in large numbers, threatening the pregnancy and the health of the woman.
Antibiotic therapy will destroy pathogenic microorganisms and to stop the inflammatory process. Treatment is prescribed only by the attending physician as necessary to select medicines with the minimum impact on the developing fetus. Drugs should be administered after the 12th week of pregnancy. If the therapy was carried out competently and effectively, the possibility of recurrence is reduced. Treatment needs and partner to prevent re-infection. Subject to prevention of these diseases to protect themselves and future children from any unpleasant consequences for health.