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Diagnosis and symptoms caused by DNA of Mycoplasma hominis, genitalium

Mycoplasmosis is an infectious disease, which is caused by members of the family Mycoplasmataceae, the genus Mycoplasma. Clinically, the disease is manifested as pulmonary or urogenital form. They are caused by different pathogens: pulmonary lesions caused by M. pneumoniae and urogenital diseases – M. genitalium and M. hominis.

Characteristics of pathogens

Mycoplasma is a single-celled organisms that are considered transitional stages between bacteria and viruses. They, like viruses, do not have this cell wall, which is replaced by membrane. But, like single-celled organisms that can live outside the cells of an infected person and are attached on their surface. The only way the Mycoplasma can ensure its life-cycle.

The causative agent belongs to opportunistic microorganisms. Mycoplasma genitalium is considered the most pathogenic for humans. But it occurs not so often. M. hominis is most prevalent, it becomes the cause of infectious urological or gynecological pathology. The main mechanism of transmission – sexual.

Symptoms of diseases caused by M. hominis and M. genitalium

Pathological processes that are caused by Mycoplasma, can occur without obvious symptoms or possible complaints:

  1. Discharge from the genital organs: transparent, various intensity.
  2. Discomfort when urinating.
  3. Pain symptoms in the lower departments of abdominal region.
  4. Menstrual disorders, reduced reproductive function due to damage to the causative agent sperm.
  5. A history of spontaneous abortion or the inability to conceive.

The detection of DNA

This technique allows the presence of a sufficiently small amount of material to give quick and accurate response. The study revealed not itself a pathogen, and its genetic material (DNA). For analysis, it is sufficient to take a scraping from the surface of the mucous membranes of the urethra, vagina or cervix. The fence material is produced in specialized medical institution.

Under what conditions it is possible to obtain reliable results of analysis for the presence of M. hominis and genitalium:

  1. The examination shall be performed prior to treatment, antimicrobial drugs or the week after.
  2. It is impossible to douche the day before the scheduled procedure.
  3. The recommended sampling time for women ovulationclomid.
  4. You cannot urinate in front of PAP smears for at least 2 hours.

How can you interpret the obtained result:

  1. If the form is marked "detected", then the test material were found traces of DNA of M. hominis or genitalium.
  2. In that case, if you are given the answer is "not detected",the genetic material of the causative Mycoplasma is not found due to his absence or small number of M. hominis or genitalium.