Home / Details about diseases of the urinary organs / A collection of articles about cystitis / Risk factors, symptoms and treatment of interstitial cystitis

Risk factors, symptoms and treatment of interstitial cystitis

Interstitial cystitis - chronic bladder inflammation non-infectious nature, difficult to cure. It may be complicated by ulcer of the bladder. In 90% of cases it affects women mostly 30-45 years.

Why is there disease?

Causes and mechanism of pathology is not thoroughly understood. But it is known for its background. This:

  • the destruction layer of the mucous membrane that protects the bladder from toxic substances, which are excreted in the urine;
  • violation of the production of white blood cells that suppress inflammation;
  • oxygen starvation or suppression of cell growth of the bladder;
  • the weakening of the pelvic muscles;
  • stagnation of lymph;
  • psychological shocks;
  • pathology of the peripheral nervous system;
  • faults in nitrogen metabolism;
  • asthma;
  • rheumatoid arthritis;
  • colitis;
  • autoimmune diseases;
  • medication allergies.

Схема интерстициального цистита

To reduce the frequency of urination and help to ease pain antidepressants, such as Amitriptyline, as well as cyclosporine a, preparations of atropine, platyphylline, belladonna. Ease inflammation paracetamol, antihistamines.

More radical treatment is the injection of drugs, eliminating hypersensitivity of the bladder, such as botulinum toxin. To improve its performance, we applied hydrodistension, transvaginal massage; strengthen pelvic muscles with Kegel exercises; use of methods of electrical stimulation, hypnosis, acupuncture.

In the most extreme cases the use of surgical methods of treatment of the disease: laser cauterization, removal of part or the entire body. Folk remedies to treat interstitial cystitis is risky, because this disease is complicated by the traditional form of cystitis.

The diet prohibits foods rich in acids and potassium, as they irritate the bladder, and then gradually allowed their use. You must drink plenty of water to reduce the concentration of irritating substances in the urine. Completely eliminated alcohol and coffee.

It is important that the patient understands how to live with this chronic disease on. Because interstitial cystitis is a chronic disease, then treating it is a lengthy process that requires patience and perseverance.