The defeat of the joints for chlamydia: symptoms, treatment, complications
Chlamydia is intracellular parasites, which in most cases are sexually transmitted and lead to such diseases as chlamydia. Alas, this disease is fairly common, since one unprotected intercourse with a carrier (usually genetically predisposed people) can lead to infection. Of course, there are theories that can be transmitted other ways, such as using a common towel with the patient.
Chlamydia and joints
After infection the incubation period is (usually 7-8 days, but may take up to 3 weeks). The first sign of infection may be diarrhea, one by one to symptoms there were added the following:
- tolerable pain during urination (urethritis);
- the feeling of sand in the eyes (conjunctivitis);
- joint pain (polyarthritis).
There are cases when, during the course of disease of all the symptoms manifested only damage the joints. Due to which the patient withdraws to pain in legs and lower back fatigue or with partial examination can be diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis, which is treated quite differently. As a rule, the presence of lesions of the joints for chlamydia is already a running state, which subsequently flows into the development of so-called reactive arthritis.
At such course of disease first affects the joints of the legs, namely the knees and below the station. The skin over the affected areas becomes tinged with red (rarely blue), and the place of inflammation becomes hot to the touch. Can swell toes and reinforced pain often morning and night. Also the hallmark of this disease I think pain under the heel when walking, and pain below the spine.
The manifestation of such symptoms is highly undesirable to ignore them and postpone visit to the doctor. If you neglect the doctor's visit, to the already existing problems added to the atrophy of muscles adjacent to inflamed joints, and inflammation of the skin of the palms or feet. Followed by fever and weakness.
The interesting thing is that such problems can live for several years, until they cease to bother, but after a while usually they return. In medical practice there are cases that the patient for a long timesuffers pain in the joints, taking them to some extraneous factors, therefore, comes to the doctor already with terrible pain and low immunity, which indicates progressive and advanced disease greatly.
Prevention and treatment
With regard to the prevention of the disease, all simple and short.
Because chlamydia is transmitted mainly through sexual contact, it is clear that to protect yourself and your immune system can be due to the careful and responsible choice of sexual partner.
That is to say a categorical "no" to promiscuity and be sure to use a condom during sexual contact. Also the usual rules of hygiene, particularly of the genital organs, and immune support at high level also will allow to avoid unpleasant consequences, and not only those associated with chlamydia. When trouble occurred, you have to try and be patient, because the process of examination and treatment of a very long and difficult. With the right approach to the treatment of recovery takes an average of 5 months.
From the beginning of the patient referred for a blood test, urine, biochemical analysis, immunogram, ultrasound and x-rays. Then to find the reactive arthritis will need to have a urogenital and coelenterates of the survey. All this is done in order to detect the chlamydia, and choose the most suitable in this case, the antibiotic. Reliably accurately determine the presence of the disease is possible only with the help of modern diagnostic methods. If the doctor does not have at its disposal thereof, and thus traditional not give the full picture, it is necessary to determine the diagnosis are arthrocentesis and study samples.
After collecting all necessary information and made on the basis of the findings begin the long road to recovery. The minimum a course of antibiotics will be the duration of a lot more than elimination of infection is 21 days. And reactive arthritis will stay still for about six months. Severe pain does not exclude the application of local anesthetics. In addition, there is the risk of transfer of disease into a chronic form, the treatment of which will be even more difficult.
In conclusion, we can highlight some points. Always serious and careful attitude to their sexual life, to avoid unpleasant consequences. In the case of suspected infection with this disease (and any other), you should immediately consult a doctor and in any case not to delay the visit to the hospital, otherwise the consequences will be very unpleasant and even disastrous.