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Causes, first signs, the clinical picture and treatment of cystitis in women

If there is cystitis, symptoms and treatment in women is defined by the doctor-urologist. Cystitis is a urinary tract diseases that affects the bladder. This disease affects men and women of any age, but in females this disease is diagnosed more often. 80% of all patients are women. Infectious cystitis, if untreated, can cause lesions of other organs (kidneys, urethra, genitals).

What are the symptoms of this disease and its treatment methods?

Types of cystitis in women

Cystitis is the inflammation of the bladder wall. This pathology predominantly of bacterial etiology. The bladder is unpaired, hollow, muscular organ whose primary function is the accumulation and excretion of urine from the body. In women, the bladder is emptied more often than men.

Cystitis in women more often develop by reason of the fact that the infectious agent easier to penetrate into the body. Contribute to features of the structure of the female urethra. Its diameter is larger and the length smaller than that of men. It is through the urethra often penetrate the microorganisms. Normal urine and the bladder is sterile. During the year, almost every woman carries bladder inflammation in one form or another. Among girls most often this pathology is found in the age interval from 4 to 12 years.

Cystitis in women often occurs in uncomplicated form and ends with recovery. In men, cystitis is often runs hard. The following types of cystitis: infectious and noninfectious. The latter is divided into chemical, radiation, drugs, toxic, nutritional, thermal, traumatic. The disease occurs on the background of absolute health or any diseases (urethritis, chlamydia, trichomoniasis, candidiasis, tuberculosis, tumours, urolithiasis).

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With bacterial cystitis antibiotic treatment. Other means and methods of treatment are:

  • taking pain medications (NSAIDs, antispasmodics);
  • physiotherapy;
  • the plant-based drugs with a diuretic effect;
  • welcome uroantiseptikov;
  • instillation;
  • diet.

Pain syndrome in acute inflammation or exacerbation of chronic cystitis is eliminated NSAIDs (Diclofenac, Nimesilom) or antispasmodics. Good effect cystitis give vegetable tools Kanefron and Zistan. Of great importance in the treatment of acute cystitis is diet. Required to take time off from spicy and fatty foods, to enrich the diet of dairy products, fresh fruits, vegetables, cereals. You want to drink at least 2 liters of fluid per day.It is recommended to drink herbal infusions and decoctions on the basis of cranberries, cranberries, parsley, bearberry, yarrow.

Recurrent cystitis is an indication for physical therapy and instillation. In the menopause of acute recurrent cystitis it is recommended to use hormonal creams on the basis of estrogens. Physical therapy, hot baths and instillation in the acute phase of the disease is contraindicated. To improve overall health and eliminate pain recommended herbal baths. Water should not be hot. In the presence of stones or polyps in the bladder surgical treatment is required.

The choice of antibiotic cystitis

The detection of cystitis is definitely an antibiotic is prescribed. To date, the following groups of antimicrobial drugs:

  • fluoroquinolones (Ofloxacin, Ciprofloxacin, Pefloxacin);
  • penicillins (Amoxicillin, Amoxiclav);
  • macrolides (Azithromycin, Erythromycin);
  • phosphonic acid derivatives (Monural);
  • sulfonamides (Sulfamethizole);
  • cephalosporins (Cefuroxime, Cefaclor).

Tetracyclines and fluoroquinolones should not be prescribed to women who are expecting a child. Modern antibiotics have a broad spectrum of action, therefore, does not require identification of the pathogen. Antibiotics are used in the form of tablets, powder, granules, capsules or solutions. The course of treatment varies from 1 to 7 days. Alongside true antibiotics used antimicrobials (uroantiseptiki). These include nitrofurans (Furagin, Furadonin).

Thus, the main manifestation of cystitis in women is frequent urination. Treatment requires consultation with a urologist or physician.