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What drugs, medications, candles effectively treat gonorrhea in women and men

Gonorrhea is a serious disease of the genital tract in men and women caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonococcus). Gonococcal infection sexually transmitted during anal, oral and genital sex. Infection occurs by direct contact of secretions of one mucous membrane to another. The incubation period lasts from 2 to 5 days but may be delayed up to 10.

The degree of virulence depends on the bacterial strain of the pathogen. Recent studies have shown that the combined infection with gonorrhoea and chlamydia in women is accompanied by a higher rate of multiplication of gonococci, potentially increasing chances of transmission. To treat these forms co-infection is difficult.

The bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae easily acquires a resistance gene to antibiotics, which is transmitted via plasmids from one bacteria to another. Death from generalized forms of gonorrhea is rare and primarily it is associated with inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs.

Typical symptoms of gonorrhea and differential diagnosis

Half of infected women do not develop any symptoms. But the other half of the patients endocervical infection is accompanied by such manifestations as:

  • increase or change in vaginal discharge;
  • pain in the abdomen;
  • rare intermenstrual bleeding;
  • hypermenorrhea;
  • urination disorder.

In the course of the diagnosis should be excluded other causes of such symptoms. For example, chlamydia also causes an increase in secretions from the genitals. Pain in the pelvic region may also occur with appendicitis or endometriosis.

What drugs against gonorrhoea traditionally used in medical practice

Early treatment of the disease simple and effective. After appropriate diagnostic tests the decision about which medication is to fight against the bacterial pathogen, takes the doctor. In such cases it is sufficient a single dose of antibiotic. Comprehensive treatment also includes drugs against chlamydia trachomatis, since in 50% of cases, there is a joint infection with these pathogens.

Gonorrhea used the following medications:

  1. Ceftriaxone(500 mg) intramuscularly in combination with azithromycin (1 g), which is orally administered;
  2. affixing a dose of 400 mg;
  3. Cefotaxime(500 mg) when administered intramuscularly or cefoxitin (2 g) in the case of oral administration.

As a first-line treatment no longer apply chinolone, but they still can be used for men and women who have been effective previously. In this case, to treat gonorrhea recommendeddrug ciprofloxacin (500 mg) orally or a combination of ofloxacin (400 mg) and azithromycin (1 g).

Large doses of azithromycin (2 g as a single dose) is also effective, but their use is rare due to the high incidence of side effects from the gastrointestinal tract.

After treatment with antibiotics should do a re-test for gonorrhea to make sure the infection has been cured.

Do you need candles in the treatment of gonorrhea in women

The bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae is one of the common causes of vaginal inflammation in women of reproductive age. The infection can affect the Bartholin gland, the fallopian tubes and cause pelvic inflammatory disease and ovarian.

Together with the additional antibiotic treatment of gonorrhea are vaginal suppositories. Suppositories with antibacterial drugs for the local treatment can be applied at early stages of the disease. To treat the infection only they cannot, but in pregnant women they are successfully applied before delivery to clean generic way to reduce the risk of infecting the baby.

Effective means of prevention

Consistent condom use is the key to a long sexual health and successful reproduction. Practicing safe sex, you do not need to treat "bouquet" genital diseases, including threat of gonococcal infection.

Note that you should not continue sexual activity until complete treatment of both sexual partners. After taking the medicine the man and the woman should retest it to make sure its effectiveness.

If diagnosed with gonorrhea, it is recommended to inform all their sexual partners about the need to get tested and get treatment. Even if the sexual partners have no symptoms, they can pass the bacteria to others.