When and how is the preventive treatment of syphilis
The infection is transmitted most often sexually transmitted, but also the household method. The disease has a fairly long incubation period (about 3-4 weeks). In the case of antibiotics, the first signs of syphilis can appear only after 2-3 months and even later.
The need to prevent disease
If you know that pale Treponema infection should not wait for the appearance of the first symptoms of the disease, for example, the formation of the chancre, or appearance in the blood of specific antibodies. In this case, it is recommended to contact a dermatologist.
Infection with syphilis can be assumed:
- after sexual contact with an infected partner;
- when blood or detachable disintegrating ulceration of the skin of a patient with syphilis in the broken skin of a healthy person;
- for injection have not passed disinfection syringe that was previously used for the treatment of patients with syphilis;
- due to the blood transfusion from one person to another.
Preventive treatment of syphilis is when the infection within the last 3-6 months. There are several methods. The doctor individually selects a treatment plan, considering the following factors:
- the age of the patient;
- the body weight of the patient;
- the condition of immunity;
The basis of the treatment are the antibiotic penicillin. If you use antibacterial drugs short-acting, appointed at 2-8 injections for 14 days. When using long-acting penicillin treatment is carried out particularly rapidly. In this case, it is enough only 1-2 injections.
To cure syphilis not only in hospital but also ambulatory. Additionally, the doctor usually prescribes drugs that raise immunity, vitamins and other medications to normalize metabolism and enhance the body's resistance to infection.
Criteria of recovery
To confirm the effectiveness of the therapy after its completion, the patient will need to take blood tests. If the date of infection was 3-6 months, serological testing should be repeated in 2 to 9 weeks. If it has been more than 6 months, a single study.
For diagnostics, use the following serological tests: TPPA, ELISA, RW, REEF and RIBT. Some of them can show the presence of specific antibodies in the blood. Whether the concentration of antibodies is the criterion of existence of a disease or evidence of cure can be determined only by the doctor.
After recovery, the antibodies canbe detected in a laboratory study throughout the patient's life.