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How is the causative agent of gardnerellosis, its incubation period and prevention

All body cavities that communicate with the external environment, normally non-sterile. This also applies to the woman's vagina, and urethra men where the norm is inhabited by whole colonies of bacteria. But, despite this, their quantitative composition and species identity, are clear boundaries, which when violated may occur dysbiosis (bacterial vaginosis).

In bacterial vaginosis those bacteria which normally predominate, becomes smaller. And those microbes are normally isolated, begin to dominate. In this case, with bacterial vaginosis reduced the number of lactobacilli and increases the number gardnerellas. Therefore, bacterial vaginosis is often called the gardnerellosis.

What appears gardnerellosis

  • antibiotics;
  • prolonged douching;
  • chronic stress;
  • improper diet;
  • the contraceptive pill;
  • continuous wearing of panty liners;
  • the use of gels for intimate hygiene with aggressive antiseptics;
  • change of sexual partner;
  • pregnancy and menopause.

Antibiotics, douching and local use of antiseptic wipes or soap with antiseptic leads to the destruction of dairy bacteria. This creates convenient conditions for the reproduction gardnerellas. In the case of the constant wear of the gaskets deteriorates the access of oxygen to the vagina, due to which aerobic bacteria are dying, and pathogenic anaerobes begin to multiply.

During pregnancy and menopause there are significant hormonal transformation that leads to a drop in immunity and activation of the Gardnerella. The same happens when the wrong food in combination with stress.

How transmitted infection

Thus, cardenales not a sexually transmitted disease because of Gardnerella party of the normal flora of the vagina. Naturally, the causative agent of gardnerellosis sexually transmitted. That is Gardnerella can penetrate into the genital tract of a partner during intimate contact without proper protection. However, in normal immune system they do not cause disease. The same applies to other transmission routes (home, contact).

If the pathogen enters the body from outside and causes cardenales, the incubation period is 1-2 weeks. But if the disease is caused by low immunity, to talk about the incubation period is incorrect.

The causative agent of gardenista

Gardnerella vaginalis polymorphic. She's in a smear may have the form of sticks and cocci. Stained by gram this bacterium is also then positive, then negative. However, it is proved that it belongs tofacultative anaerobes, i.e. it can live in oxygen-free space. Favorable conditions for its development is an alkaline environment.

Normal in the vagina slightly acidic environment due to production by lactobacilli of lactic acid. When lactic bacteria are killed, the pH of the vaginal environment is growing, creating optimal conditions for the growth of colonies of the pathogen gardenista.

By itself, cardenales not present any particular risk. But he is never developed in isolation. After gardnerellas increasing the number of Mycoplasma. And then at the first available opportunity (casual relationship without a condom) into the vagina are settled pathogenic Trichomonas, chlamydia and gonorrhea. And they can cause serious complications in men and women.

As a result, may develop inflammatory diseases of the reproductive system and even infertility. Therefore, it is important to know what develops gardnerellosis and how to warn him.

Prevention of bacterial dysbiosis

Currently in the treatment of common diseases in parallel with antibiotics are always assigned to a candle with lactobacilli. This is an effective measure to prevent bacterial vaginosis. Also better to abandon the aggressive funds for intimate hygiene. Better to apply specialized products containing lactic acid, which will not allow the Gardnerella to multiply.

Should be possible to get rid of the daily strips, which block access of oxygen to the genitals. It is important to take care of proper nutrition and rest to prevent the fall of the immune system and prevent gardnerellosis.

Despite the fact that the pathogen can be transmitted sexually, restrictions in sexual life in the presence of gardnerellosis one of the partners to enter makes no sense. It is sufficient to maintain immunity at a high level.