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Review x-ray for kidney stones

Protocol: On the overview picture of the urinary system in the direct projection of the bladder is defined by a rounded needle dimming dimensions up to 3 cm Visible bone structure is not changed.

Conclusion: Urolithiasis. Bladder stone size up to 3 cm Recommended an ultrasound, and cystoscopy.

Rentgencontrastnoe this star-shaped formations suggests its chemical composition phosphates, oxalate of calcium.

What complaints could cause this survey?

  1. Pain and discomfort in the lower abdomen, worse when urinating;
  2. Feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder;
  3. Painful urination, frequent urination, night trips to the toilet, moderate hematuria;
  4. Changes to OAM: micro or gross hematuria, leukocytosis, a large number of oxalates or phosphates of calcium, slight proteinuria.

To clarify the position of the stone allows ultrasound and cystoscopy, the patient will be tests of General and Rehberg, urine analysis according to Nechyporenko. In addition, it should be the causes of stone formation, excluded pathology of the endocrine system and metabolism. Management of the patient involves mild inflammation with antibacterial therapy, herbal antiseptics, diuretics, diet and adequate fluid intake. Then maybe stone removal by open method or by using an endoscope. Last option is sparing, less traumatic to the body. The prognosis is favorable, if the cause of kidney stones and assigned preventive therapy. Otherwise a relapse is possible in 50-60% of cases.