What is the amount of the Ureaplasma urealyticum the examination is considered normal?
These microorganisms belong to the class of conditionally pathogenic and causal link between them and inflammation is not clearly established. In the old medical reference books Ureaplasma is generally attributed to the family of mycoplasmas. Only recently, the ability to break down urea has allocated them in a separate class of bacteria.
From the point of view of medicine are of interest two types:
- Parvum or T-960;
- Ureaplasma urealyticum.
Today there are more than 14 serotypes of these organisms, a parasite on the membrane of the sperm and the mucosa of the urinary organs. How is it delivered? Primarily through sexual contact, but other ways of transmission:
- when you contact;
- vertical method, when an infected mother passes these microorganisms to child during pregnancy;
- other household options infection.
Ureaplasma (U. species) can be considered a cause of inflammation in the urogenital system, but only when other pathogens examination to detect failed.
Who initiates the survey? Obstetrician-gynecologist, urologist, venereal diseases, pediatrician-neonatologist, infectious disease. What to study? The root cause is the need to establish the causative agent of chronic inflammation in the urogenital system.
You need to determine the diagnosis at observation of similar features of the disease. Without research it is impossible to determine what is causing the inflammation of gonorrhoea or Mycoplasma infection.
Without research it is impossible to choose the right method of treatment.
Indications for use of tests
- In case of doubt about the presence of Ureaplasma infection.
- After casual sex.
- When manifestations of inflammation in the genitourinary system.
- After the decision about the pregnancy. In this case, will have to be surveyed both spouses.
- Ectopic pregnancy.
- Infertility and problems with childbearing.
- To evaluate the results of antibiotic treatment. Usually 2 weeks after the end of the course.
Interpretation of research results until nowis the subject of numerous debates, but there are a number of indicators, the value of which takes most doctors.
Positive result. The discovery of large quantities of Ureaplasma in the sample on the background of bright manifestations occurring in the urogenital system pathological inflammation indicates a high probability Ureaplasma infection, especially if other pathogens are not detected.
Small presence in the analysis of Ureaplasma together with the absence of signs of inflammation in the genitourinary system enables us to confidently regard it as the carrier not pose a direct threat.
Negative result. If the biological seeding of the number of microorganisms does not increase, it is considered that Ureaplasma infection in the body is missing.
It should be noted that prior antibiotic treatment may seriously distort the result.
High-risk exposed people, promiscuous, smokers, pregnant women and women taking oral contraceptives.
If your goal is pregnancy, the screening for the presence in the body of the traces of Ureaplasma infection will save you from treatment in the period of carrying a child, when the use of antibiotics is severely restricted.
Inoculation of Ureaplasma does not allow to determine its type. To distinguish the past from U. U. parvum only possible by means of PCR.
Any quantitative indicators of the detected microorganisms for the diagnosis do not matter. The main thing is the presence or absence of relevant symptoms they caused.