What is species Ureaplasma (U. species): symptoms, treatment, rate?
What is Ureaplasma?
Ureaplasma spp is an organism somewhere between viruses and bacteria, slightly less in size than a large virus. Has no cell wall and DNA.
Some scientists believe the germ substance of the transition from virus to bacteria. Lives up to its name "Ureaplasma", as it has the ability to break down the urine and does not survive without urea. Belongs to the class of opportunistic parasites. Inhabits the mucous membranes of the urinary organs. Approximately 70% of people have sex, and completely asymptomatic.
The term "species" does not describe any one species Ureaplasma. It refers to a number of parasites (parvum, class, etc.). Molecular biology - the science is constantly evolving. In the last few years, it identifies new types of this microorganism, but they are still under study.
Ureaplasma is the causative agent of anaplasmosis. It affects the urethra in men the prostate and in women the vagina. But not in all cases manifested clinical picture of the disease. There is a certain threshold of finding microbes in the body, beyond which the disease begins to make themselves known. It usually happens in moments of loss of protective forces organism.
The following analysis methods are serological. It detects the presence of antibodies to antigens. For analysis is taken from the vein blood. It is also worth noting two more methods: PIF - direct immunofluorescence and ELISA - immunofluorescence analysis. These methods are inexpensive and are used frequently, but the accuracy is small.
The treatment of the disease
The presence of Ureaplasma in the body does not always require treatment, but only in the case if you have exceeded the allowable rate of microbes in the human body. In the case of pregnant women carried out preventive measures or special treatment. The pathogen has the ability to easily and quickly adapt to the antibiotics. So it happens that after several courses of therapy the cure is notcomes. And antibiotic that can help, difficult to find.
Patients (except pregnant women) are assigned to the tetracycline drugs, fluoroquinolones, macrolides. Pregnant women can apply only some of the drugs from the macrolides, and the rest prohibited. In addition to these funds, appointed by the immunomodulators for enhancing the immunity. Is and local treatment. During therapy should avoid sexual relations. But if they are unavoidable, then be sure to use protective equipment. You must adhere to a certain diet that excludes the use of sharp, salty foods and any other annoying. Contraindicated alcohol. After treatment, after 2 weeks is a control analysis. A month is another.
As preventive measures recommended for the usual STDs. Avoiding casual sex is the main thing.
Ureaplasmosis and pregnancy
The microbe in the organism must be identified before pregnancy, because in a state of waiting for a baby, the body weakens. And it already allows the ureaplasmas to cause disease. In addition, the treatment of a ureaplasmosis it is possible to do only later the 12-week period, otherwise it will not affect fetal development. Many experts believe that the ureaplasmosis can cause miscarriage at any stage of pregnancy. Also birth can be premature.
The fruit is rarely infected in the womb because the placenta protects the baby from germs. But when labour starts and the baby comes through the birth canal, it is possible infection. Approximately 50% of cases the infection occurs. Ureaplasma is found on the genitals of girls and in the nasopharynx of boys. Medicine currently effectively learned to deal with Ureaplasma in pregnant women.
To exclude the possibility of infection of the child during birth the expectant mother takes special antibacterial agents in conjunction with drugs, which strengthen the immune system.
Methods of treatment is able to find an experienced doctor. He takes care to minimize all possible negative consequences.
The result of treatment is individual. It depends on how pregnancy occurs in women. And start treatment around 22 weeks if there is no threat of miscarriage.