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Principal Ureaplasma

In the process of life and Ureaplasma species using the cleavage reaction of urea. The structure of this pathogen differs from bacteria simplicity and lack cell walls.

She Ureaplasma is an intermediate organism between virus and bacteria that causes inflammatory diseases of the genital and urinary systems.

General characteristics

Various subtypes of Ureaplasma can exist within multicellular organisms, or completely independently, like viruses. Their main difference from virus microorganisms is a good exposure to certain types of antibiotics.

There are several types of causative agents of anaplasmosis, which belong to the classification to the Mycoplasmataceae. This family includes over 180 species forms Ureaplasma and mycoplasmas. Each of the selected micro-organisms having pathogenic effects on the urogenital system and reproductive function. Depending on the composition of proteins contained in the cell membrane, to distinguish eleven serotypes of Ureaplasma.

Major biovars of Ureaplasma:

  • Past (diagnosed with inflammatory and pathological diseases of the genitourinary system).
  • Рarvum.

Symptoms of the disease

Diagnosis of anaplasmosis in the initial stage is quite difficult, due to similar symptoms with other inflammatory and sexually transmitted diseases of the genitourinary system. Each disease requires treatment with individually tailored drugs, so be sure to consult a specialist and do not self-medicate.

To identify biovars of Ureaplasma is possible with the use of new methods of PCR and carrying out sowing. Diagnosed with PIF and ELISA, but the accuracy of the results at a very low level.

Symptoms of anaplasmosis includes some external and hidden signs, such as:

  • visible redness, irritation and swelling of the genital organs;
  • expressed a burning sensation, pain during intercourse or urination;
  • profuse discharge from the genital organs is steadily increasing, with an unpleasant odor and unusual color;
  • infertility.

Leading experts in the field of medicine marked by the negative impact of the types of Ureaplasma on reproductive function of female organism, pregnancy. The acute form of the disease in men can damage the process of formation of spermatozoa, reducing their activity, and as a result significantly reduce the likelihood of paternity.

Ureaplasma may be a cause of many inflammatory diseases:

  • inflammation of the urinary tract (urethritis);
  • inflammation of the appendages, ovaries, uterus in women;
  • stonesthe kidneys.

Ureaplasma can induce premature labour.

Ways of infection

The controversy regarding the definition of ureaplasmosis as a sexual disease lasts to the present day. Clearly defined, only the relationship of Ureaplasma with inflammatory and malignant processes in the urogenital system. Often the method of infection for men is sexual contact. Despite this, in the event that a sexual partner's disease to speak about the change is also impossible.

Pathogen, being present in the body that can not be manifested for decades.

Not always the way of infection with ureaplasmas is sexual in nature. In medical practice there are cases of infection through casual or during childbirth from mother to newborn. Some species are present in the microflora of healthy people as a natural component.

Causes of the disease can become messy or too early sexual activity, unprotected sexual acts, violation of rules of personal hygiene. Also adversely affected by harmful synthetic additives, contained in underwear, low immunity, presence of chronic infectious diseases and long-term treatment with antibiotics, hormone therapy. Ureaplasmosis often manifests itself during pregnancy may also be associated with low levels of immunity.

Diagnosis and treatment

Identified biovars Ureaplasma are not a direct indication for treatment. If the patient is just a carrier of the microorganism, which is absolutely not shown, the therapy is not shown. Initially needs to be identified disease agents which can act Ureaplasma, then made a thorough diagnostic examination. The definition of the type of agent can help you determine the most effective means.

Ureaplasma can be in the human body and not be shown to create beneficial conditions. Affect the acute development of the disease can the disease, the decline of the immune forces, conditions of the urogenital system. Some species of Ureaplasma are able to multiply the channels of the genitourinary system and not in any way affect the human condition. Lead to complications can only Association of ureaplasmas with other pathogens, the layering of inflammatory processes, which greatly complicates accurate diagnosis.

View U. Рarvum often does not require a specific approach in treatment, especially in the absence of pathogenic manifestations. The presence of U. Class will require special molecular methods for more accurate determination of the serotype of the pathogen. It is especially recommended when careful diagnosis of pathogenic andinflammatory processes, pregnancy planning, infertility treatment.

Factors impeding the identification of pathogens Ureaplasma:

  • analyses with the use of special substances (PCR);
  • diagnosis is made only in specialized clinics;
  • prolonged use of certain kind of antibiotics;
  • early cessation of therapy and re-infection during sexual contact with a partner until full recovery.

It is recommended to use antibiotics in full accordance with the doctor who will take into account the individual intolerance or allergic reaction to erythromycin and tetracycline.

You should refrain from sexual contact for the whole period of treatment to eliminate the infection. The sexual partner also should undergo the entire course of therapy. After completion of treatment require re-produce lab tests to confirm the performance of the designated funds. Frequent inflammatory relapses, which are caused by Ureaplasma, can be assigned a special course of medication for the prevention of disease.