Home / Topic about sexually transmitted diseases / Prevention, diagnosis and treatment of gonorrhea / Consequences, complications and the risk of gonorrhea for women and men

Consequences, complications and the risk of gonorrhea for women and men

Gonorrhea – venereal disease of infectious etiology, that affects the mucosa of the genitourinary system. You meet the second name of gonorrhea – gonorrhea. For the most part, this infection is not dangerous to life, but there are many complications.

Clinic infection klassificeret as acute and chronic. It is considered a chronic form, lasting for more than 2 months.

This pathology is very easily transmitted from person to person, causing a severe epidemic pattern and large spread of gonorrhea among all segments of society. The chances of Contracting are increased by intercourse without contraception.

In order to better understand the complications of gonorrhea, you must first understand the etiology and pathogenesis of the disease.

The etiology and pathogenesis of the disease

The infection is transmitted is through sexual intercourse, but there are cases of transmission in other ways. The first hit of Neisseria gonorrhoeae on the mucosa causes local inflammation, but the immune system is not able to cope with the rapid growth of bacteria, which leads to the spread of the process.

Most often, the infection moves upward path. Despite diplococci to the trophicity of the mucosa, it is able to develop in parenchymatous organs such as the prostate, testicles and ovaries.

Dangerous gonorrhea

The first symptoms of inflammation may be purulent discharge from the urethra, cutting pain along the urethra when urinating, pain in the lower abdomen. As mentioned before, Neisseria secretes a toxin into the blood, which causes General intoxication symptoms – headache, body aches, nausea, fatigue, decreased performance.

The classical form of inflammation is manifested by all of the above symptoms. In this case the pathogen cannot be found in the blood or cerebrospinal fluid, of danger to life, almost none.

If we talk about what threat gonorrhea is complications. Local complications of gonorrhea in males include the spread of the inflammatory process in the prostate gland, small glands of the urethra, gall bladder. More severe case is the migration of the gonococcus into the scrotum, where it causes inflammation of the VAS deferens, shells, appendages of the testis and the testis.

Orchitis (inflammation of testis), epididymitis (inflammation of testicular appendages), diferenta (inflammation of the VAS deferens) and the prostate (prostatitis) – here are the most dangerous local consequences of gonorrhea in men. Each of the above consequences of gonorrhea in men leads to erectile dysfunction, and infertility.

Whatare the consequences of gonorrhea in women? Locally Neisseria gonorrhoeae in the course of the urethra can ascend to the bladder, causing cystitis, and in more complex cases, pyelonephritis. Also, the infection can affect the vagina, uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. Inflammation in the fallopian tubes and the ovaries often leads to changes in reproductive potential and fertility.

Complications in men and women can be distant, especially against the background of immunodeficiency States. When you hit diplococci in the brain frequently form abscesses, occurs encephalitis or meningitis. The agent is able to cause pericardial effusion (inflammation of the heart bags), infectious myocarditis (inflammation of heart muscle – myocardium), arthritis (inflammation of joints). Among the most severe outcomes of gonorrhea include multiple organ failure, sepsis and death.

The appearance or absence of complications depends on many factors, including the timeliness of diagnosis and treatment, the immune system and the presence of comorbidities. Chronic clinical form often observed on the background of antibiotic therapy for other illnesses. In this case, the infection becomes negligible, delays seeking help and leads to a lack of treatment.

What can be the consequences after treatment of gonorrhea

As you know, in order to choose the right antibiotic therapy, it is necessary to conduct the antibiogram purulent discharge from the urethra. On the basis of its most commonly prescribed drugs group of cephalosporins or macrolides. But do not forget that any medical therapy can lead to severe disorders.

As infection requires prolonged antibiotic therapy, patients often develop fungal infections, secondary bacterial overgrowth, vitamin deficiency. In case of defective treatment possible transformation of acute into chronic, which cured much harder.