How do you get gonorrhea (gonorrhea) is the main route of transmission
All of transmission of gonorrhea can be divided into:
- traditional contacts;
- during oral sex;
- the anal intercourse.
As infected with gonorrhea during normal sexual relations
If a healthy woman comes in contact with the sick man, she is almost guaranteed to pick up infection. This is because the vagina for gonococcus created quite favorable conditions. Conversely, if the contact of an infected woman with a healthy man's risk of gonorrhea for him is much lower.
The fact that the opening of the urethra is very small, and not always the gonococci from vaginal discharge gets in it. But if after intercourse, the man also goes "small", the probability of occurrence of signs of gonorrhea for him and did the minimum.
Infection of men from the patient's partner happens only when there are a large number of the pathogen. And the risk of transmission of gonorrhea to a partner increases when a woman's menstruation. In this period the entire infection of the uterus descends into the vagina, where the number of gonococci increases dramatically.
The manifestations of the disease is quite different. In infected women the signs of gonococcal infection often occur slowly and are often taken for a common yeast infection. In men they always cause bright symptoms, which he refers to a urologist.
It is interesting that for infection with gonorrhea it is not necessary that the penis penetrated the vagina. Transmission of gonorrhea occurs when the biological fluid is one of the partners gets into the mucous membranes of another.
Other ways of transmission
In addition to traditional ties, gonorrhea is transmitted during oral sex. While most consider this kind of intercourse in a safe, the gonococcus is passed as well with the reproductive organs in the oral cavity and in the opposite direction. Proof of this becomes high prevalence of signs of gonococcal pharyngitis among women of easy virtue.
Another variant of sexual of the gonorrhea infection is anal sex without a condom. The risk of transmission was the same with heterosexual and homosexual contact.
Moreover, infection with gonorrhea is possible even through a kiss with a man, who is gonococcal stomatitis. Of course, the probability of transmission is much less than inoral sex. But the presence in the oral cavity damage of the mucosa and in the exchange of saliva through kissing infection is possible.
If gonorrhea is transmitted through everyday
Cases, transmission of gonorrhea in the home is not much, but the possibility proved. Factors of infection in this are personal hygiene of the patient, especially those that remain wet after use. The fact that the gonococcus on dry surfaces quickly dies, and lives in the moisture for a few hours.
Thus, towels, washcloths, and toilets used by the patient, are dangerous for members of his family. But if gonorrhea is localized in the mouth or throat, should be processed carefully and separately store the dishes and a toothbrush.
Particularly vulnerable to household ways of gonorrhea infection in children and people in old age who have a severely weakened immune system. Adult healthy person to be infected with gonorrhea in the home, you need a very large number of the pathogen, therefore, such a method of transmission for it is unlikely. Whereas a small child or old person needs a much smaller "dose" of gonorrhea.
Infection from mother to child
Transmission of gonorrhea from infected mother to child is possible during natural childbirth when it goes through the birth canal. The gonorrhea most often affects the mucous membranes of the little one's eyes, causing conjunctivitis (neonatal ophthalmia). And at the birth of the girl she there may be signs of damage to the genitalia.
Do not exclude the infected child from her sick mother, and after birth. For example, if the mother is not thoroughly washing his hands, or through kissing.
If a woman is infected with gonorrhea during pregnancy, there is increased risk of infection in fetal membranes, threatened premature birth. But if she had had gonorrhea before pregnancy, often there is a spontaneous miscarriage in the early stages.