How to recognize the symptoms, first signs and to treat gonorrhoea (gonorrhea) in men
The source of infection is a sick man, but in some cases infection can occur through household items (for example, when using the common subjects of intimate hygiene, using toilet seats, sponges for bathing, linen, towels, etc.).
The gonococcus is most often caused by inflammation of the mucous membrane of the urinary tract. However, in some cases this bacterium can cause inflammation of the rectal mucosa, oral cavity and conjunctiva.
The risk of gonococcal infection is in the fact that after the disease in the body does not appear the immune system, so it is possible re-infection. In advanced cases, gonorrhea of the urogenital system can enter the bloodstream, causing sepsis.
The incubation period
From the moment of infection until the first symptoms of gonorrhea usually runs from 2 to 10 days. However, in some cases the incubation period may be up to 1 month or more. Its duration depends on the following reasons:
- the condition of immunity;
- the presence of concomitant diseases;
- other external and internal factors.
The first symptoms
The initial clinical manifestations of gonococcal infection are pain and burning sensation in the region of the urethra, which is particularly felt during urination. In the first few days develops redness (swelling) of the urethra, and can also appear abundant purulent discharge with a consistency and an unpleasant odor. In some cases, there are small ulcers.
Common symptoms of gonorrhea in men
It should also be noted that symptoms of gonorrhea in women and men differ significantly. So gonorrhea in men is the cause of purulent inflammation of the urethra, so the disease starts with purulent urethritis of varying severity.
Onset of the disease is characterized by burning and itching, as well as Muco-purulent secretions. After 3-4 days, there is development of edema in which there is hyperemia of sponges of the meatus. Urination is characterized by severe pain.
The acute form, in turn, may have a subacute and torpid nature of the flow. In this version of the disease depends on the agean infected person, the condition of its immune system and the presence of comorbidities.
Young men gonorrhea has a high reactivity development, as the body resists gonococcal defeat. In older men, the disease often becomes chronic, which is very dangerous, as it can lead to serious complications. In young men chronic gonorrhea can cause infertility.
Also a chronic form of gonorrhea often causes the following complications:
At the same symptom of gonorrheal epididymitis which is an inflammation of the epididymis, is a painful sensation in the region of the appendages, as well as a small swelling, redness ejaculatory canal hyperemia.
It is worth noting that initially, the disease in men can occur without obvious symptoms.
If not treated gonococcal infection, it can spread to the urinary tract and cause inflammation of the prostate, seminal vesicles, testicles, and entire urethra. In a patient with such a heavy defeat there is pain in the lower abdomen, fever, chills, and discomfort when urinating.
The risk of progression of gonorrhoea in chronic form
If time does not pass the treatment of acute gonorrhea, it can become chronic, which has "erased" signs. While men can disappear the unpleasant sensation of pain when urinating and redness of the genitals.
As a result, patients the illusion that the disease is spontaneously cured, but it is not so. Characteristic symptom of chronic gonorrhea is the morning the appearance of small drops of turbid purulent fluid in the urethra.
The cause of exacerbation may be, for example, decrease in immunity due to hypothermia.
How to diagnose the disease
For the diagnosis of this disease are not only characteristic features, but also laboratory methods. So, apply the microscopic method genital discharge, which revealed gram-negative diplococci (gonococci).
More effective methods of diagnosis of gonorrhea are bacterial inoculation and PCR study (based on DNA isolation of the pathogen).
How and how soon can I treat gonorrhea in men
Treatment includes techniques such as:
- antibacterial therapy;
- anti-inflammatory drugs;
To treat thisvenereal disease must be under the supervision of a physician. After the course of treatment the patient must undergo a control examination for the presence of gonococci.
Antibacterial therapy involves the use of penicillin drugs, as well as doxycycline, ofloxacin and azithromycin. On the question of how to treat gonorrhea, the answer might be that the treatment generally lasts 5-7 days, but can reach 2 weeks. In most cases a course of antibiotics gives a quick positive effect.
During the course of treatment of gonorrhea the man is not encouraged to maintain an active lifestyle, for example, it is better to refuse from horse riding and Cycling. The treatment regimen involves a rejection of the use of alcoholic beverages as well as exclusion from the diet as fatty and spicy dishes.
During the course of antibiotic treatment in a strict order prohibited sex life. To resume it only after the control examination, which will show a negative result for the presence of gonococci.
When urinary retention is recommended to drink a decoction of parsley, and hot tubs.
Should not be treated for gonorrhea on their own, as this can lead to serious complications. Also, after the course of treatment should be at least 2 months to come for a check for venereal disease and pass the necessary tests to confirm cure of gonorrhea.
Treatment of chronic gonorrhoea also include the use of immunomodulators and multivitamins that will help the immune system to kill the causative agent of the disease. It is also recommended course of hepatoprotective drugs to help the liver to cope with the harmful effects of antibiotics.
The best way to prevent gonorrhea is to use a condom. If one of the partners identified the gonococcus, the second partner should be notified that he shall undergo a course of treatment using antibiotics. The treatment should be carried out regardless of the presence of characteristic symptoms of gonorrhea in a partner.