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Symptoms, treatment, consequences of gonorrhea during pregnancy and before conception of the child

Gonorrhea (the clap) is a serious infectious disease that is spread by sexual contact and from infected mother to child during childbirth. The incubation period usually lasts from 2 to 10 days after infection. In most cases, the first symptoms of the disease appear on 5-6-th day.

How dangerous is gonorrhea in pregnant women

  • high probability of miscarriage;
  • infection of the membranes of the amniotic SAC;
  • infection of amniotic fluid;
  • the risk of premature birth.

If pregnant time to begin treatment, the above-mentioned trouble can be avoided. The presence of infection in pregnant women increases the chances of infection with HIV and some other sexually transmitted diseases. Also, the disease can give complication in the urinary system, lead to the development of postpartum complications in women.

If left untreated infection during pregnancy, it can in the process of childbirth to passed on to the child. In babies gonorrhea affects primarily the eyes, and if time does not begin treatment, the child may remain blind. In the case when the infection is passed from mother to child, he was prescribed a treatment with antibacterial drugs. In severe cases, gonorrhea can lead to meningitis and sepsis.

The symptoms of the disease

Often in women, the disease occurs without any symptoms, because the diagnosis is necessary to conduct laboratory tests. Not propeciw disease, can provoke a transition to chronic (latent) form, which will go to the acute in times of low immunity and, in particular, during pregnancy.

The symptoms of gonorrhea (if they are) do not differ in the specificity, may have different intensity in each individual case depending on the affected organs. If the infection had damaged the organs of the urogenital system, one can observe abnormal discharge from the vagina, to feel pain when urinating or during sexual intercourse.

Symptoms of gonorrhea in the anus affected are discharge, pain and itching during defecation. If you've had oral sex with a sick gonorrhea, can be observed lesion of the oral cavity and throat, accompanied by inflammation and pain. If the pathogen got into the eyes may develop eye infection which is manifested by discharge, burning and inflammation of the eye.

Do I need to get tested for gonorrhea during pregnancy

During pregnancy women have to take mandatory tests for infectious diseases. Typically, it is done twice: at the first examination and during the third trimester. For the analysis is taken, the swab from the vaginal flora. Such analyses make women advice free.

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Special attention is given to girls up to 25 years, which assumes an active sex life or planning to become pregnant. If a woman has recently had unprotected sexual intercourse with a new partner, it makes sense to tell your doctor about it.

The treatment of the disease

Gonorrhea, caused by the bacterial pathogen, can be successfully treated with antibiotics safe for use during pregnancy. Sexual partner (my husband) is also recommended to be tested for the presence of infection to avoid its re-occurrence.

If a pregnant woman has gonorrhea in parallel with any other sexual infection (e.g., chlamydia), they can be treated together.

Treatment pregnant can be carried out at any time in a hospital. What drug will be used, decides in each individual case, the doctor.

Is it possible pregnancy after gonorrhea

Gonorrhea can cause infertility in women. Some physicians believe that this disease leads to infertility, almost half of married couples. Very often, this infection becomes a cause of so-called secondary infertility when women after childbirth or abortion the causative agent of gonorrhea penetrates into the cavity of the uterus and tubes. Rising gonorrhea in most cases does not allow to get pregnant.

In the presence of gonorrhoea a woman may become pregnant, but the disease needs to be treated as soon as possible to protect yourself and your baby from health problems in the future.