The incubation period and symptoms of trichomoniasis (trichomoniasis) in men and women
The disease is transferred through sexual contact. In women, the pathogen in the incubation period resides in the vagina and in men in the urethra, prostate and seminal vesicles.
The causative agent
The incubation period of infection can range from 1 week to 30 days. During the incubation period, as well as for asymptomatic carriers, the risk of transmission is particularly high.
Symptoms of trichomoniasis in women
The acute phase of trichomoniasis in women are manifested abundant white-yellow discharge frothy consistency. They are accompanied by an unpleasant smell from joining the Trichomonas bacteria such as the Gardnerella. It gives the secretions smell of rotten fish.
This painting is accompanied by severe itching, swelling of the labia and pain during intercourse. If the pathogen enters the urethra, causing it swelling appear cramps and constant urge "to pee". Periods of remission and exacerbation stage constantly alternated.
Manifestations of trichomoniasis in men
A large percentage of asymptomatic carriage of Trichomonas in men is due to the fact that during urination are all trapped in the urethra pathogens are thrown out. But in some cases, the acute manifestations of trichomoniasis occur in men. In this case of the urethra is also highlighted frothy contents. The appearance of such complications as prostatitis, there is frequent and painful urination.
As with acute symptoms of trichomoniasis more often refer women, the first examined them. Examination of men is almost pointless, since to detect Trichomonas in the urethra is very difficult.
Therapy men appoint on the basis of availability of contacts with the patient's partner or of characteristic symptoms. Also diagnosis is difficult in the incubation period and asymptomatic carriage of the pathogen.
Standard examination method is microscopy of smear from the vagina. It should be in the first minutes after a sample is taken, while Trichomonas do not have time to lose flagella. Otherwise it is very difficult to distinguish from other microbes in the smear.
More sensitive and reliable method is the cultures, which, however, will have to wait for about 2 weeks. For the detection of antibodies to the pathogen in the bloodused PCR method.
Therapy in women
Treatment of trichomoniasis today remains problematic due to the fact that very often the disease recurs.
For destruction of the pathogen are special protivotrihomonadnyh drugs: metronidazole, Ornidazole, seknidazol and so They are used orally in pill form. To improve absorption of the drug, the doctor sometimes act as enzymes and vitamins.
Local treatment of trichomoniasis in women is the use of douches, baths and candles. For best effect, especially when previously successful attempts to treat trichomoniasis, is used immunotherapy.
Therapy in men
Treatment of trichomoniasis in men be sure to, if he had open sexual contact with an infected woman. When this therapy is carried out even in the incubation period and in the absence of any symptoms of the disease.
Therapy of trichomoniasis in men, is receiving protivotrihomonadnyh drugs and application of local procedures: the insertion of the candle into the urethra and the prostate massage. Prostate massage is conducted to stimulate the release of the pathogen from the body to increase the effectiveness of treatment.
Complications of the disease
In the case of nelecheny of trichomoniasis in men may vesiculitis, prostatitis or even cysts of the prostate. Women meet the consequences, such as urethritis, cystitis, endometritis and bartholinitis. All these diseases dramatically increase the risk of infertility for both women and men. And in the case of pregnancy trichomoniasis increases the risk of birth complications.