How dangerous is trichomoniasis: complications and consequences for men and women
The ways of infection and symptoms
To disease equally susceptible both women and men. There are options of casual transmission of the pathogen, for example, through a shared towel or washcloth.
Symptoms can be pronounced and can be almost invisible (subclinical). As a result of improper treatment of the disease process often takes the chronic form.
Peculiarities of manifestation of the disease in women
For women characterized by the development of the inflammatory process in the vagina, urethra, cervix, and labia. The main complaints are:
- severe itching;
- abundant foul-smelling and frothy vaginal discharge;
- discomfort when urinating.
These symptoms are usually worse before menstruation.
Peculiarities of manifestation of the disease in men
For men characterized by the development of infection in the urethra, prostate, seminal vesicles. Typically, patients present with the following complaints:
- frequent and painful urination;
- redness of the edges of the urethra;
- small grey or whitish frothy discharge from the urethra.
In men, the disease is often asymptomatic.
Trichomoniasis can cause cystitis, pyelonephritis. Consequence development of inflammation is infertility. Complications often arise because of lack of treatment, self-treatment, as well as a General weakening of the body.
Provoke the development of complications reduced immunity, hypothermia, organism infection with other pathogens. Trichomonas reinforce the pathological activity of chlamydia, gonococci and other pathogens.
What is the danger of trichomoniasis in women
In women, Trichomonas, attaching to the epithelial cells, interact with neighboring microbial flora and disrupt the natural biocenosis of the vagina. They also increase the likelihood of developing the following diseases:
- tubal infertility;
- premature birth;
- the birth of children with reduced weight;
- genital herpes;
- cancer of the cervix.
When planning a pregnancy should undergo a study for the presence of trichomonads.
The consequences of trichomoniasis in men
The disease can have numerousunpleasant consequences. The main ones are:
- chronic inflammation of the urethra;
- orchitis (inflammation of testicles);
- vesiculitis (inflammation of seminal vesicles);
- to increase the probability of HIV infection.
Pathological processes in the male reproductive organs, in turn, lead to deterioration in the quality of sperm, decrease in sexual function and infertility.
Diagnosis and treatment
In the presence of typical complaints, you must contact your urologist or the gynecologist. The presence of the organism Trichomonas vaginalis revealed by using PCR diagnostics, seeding abnormal discharge in a special environment, and also determine blood specific antibodies.
To identify the causative agent doing swabs from the vagina, cervix, urethra. Men have studied the secret of the prostate and sperm. If the patient takes antibiotics, the test results may be unreliable.
Treatment necessary for both sexual partners. The doctor prescribes drugs, selectively acting on the causative agent of the pathological process. In the treatment of women additionally performed a restoration of the vaginal microflora, and also used a special vaccine.