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The symptoms and treatment of cytomegalovirus in men

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) belongs to the family of herpes viruses, which, when striking a human body that can cause it cytomegaly (enlargement of cells). After infection it is in body life. To completely get rid of it, but you can keep it under control, reducing symptoms and preventing them from breeding.

Route of infection

The most common include: air-droplet, transplacental (mother to fetus), blood transfusion (blood transfusion), through saliva, sputum, seminal fluid, through the secret of the cervix, etc.

Cytomegalovirus in men often affects the tissue of the testes and the urethra (the urethra).

The symptoms of infection

At my clinic, the virus is similar to the clinical banal cold, but unlike the respiratory diseases that occur in less than 2 weeks, it strikes the body within 4-6 weeks. To differentiate CMV should know that the infection symptoms appear after 1-2 months after the expiration of the incubation period (about 60 days).

In men, CMV causes symptoms, which can be divided into two main groups:

  • main;
  • secondary.

Main – this symptoms of intoxication (weakness, lethargy, headache, dizziness, malaise, pain in muscles and joints, fever, runny nose, etc.).

Secondary symptoms of lesions of the genitourinary system that occur in the case when she "started" for the testicular tissue and the urethra. As a result, inflammation develops; the men appear uncomfortable when urinating.

In the case where the process "went away", starting to wonder about other organs and systems (respiratory, cardiovascular, nervous, etc.) and develop additional symptoms.

Possible complications

Complications in men can develop only in severe and moderate disease, especially against the background of low immunity. The most common complications include:

  • abscess and gangrene of lung;
  • pneumonia;
  • pleurisy;
  • endocarditis;
  • myocarditis;
  • encephalitis;
  • resistant CNS (paralysis of brain tissue);
  • hepatitis;
  • pancreatitis.


Diagnosis of this disease consists of the following methods:

  1. Laboratory diagnosis.
  2. Culture.
  3. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
  4. Serology.
  5. Properly collected history (clinical symptoms).

Basic principles of treatment

Treatment should be initiated in time, in addition, it should be comprehensive. Principles of treatment of CMV includeyourself:

  • etiological;
  • pathogenetic:
  • symptomatic treatment.

This triad allows for a long time (in 80% of cases forever) to forget about this infectious disease.

Task etiological treatment is to suppress virus (etiology). It is advisable to take antiviral drugs (Rimantadine, "Interferon", "Anaferon", "Arbidol", etc.) for at least 2 weeks

In the pathogenesis of the disease leading role played by inflammation, so you should take anti-inflammatory drugs. Best – non-steroidal ("Nise", "Ketotifen", "Ibuprofen", "Nimesil", "Effective", "Diclofenac"). The course of treatment – 2 weeks.

Symptomatic treatment: elevated temperature antipyretic drugs, with a cold – a vasoconstrictor, from the pain – pain killers, etc.