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What drugs (pills, medications) take from syphilis

Syphilis is a very dangerous and common disease that is transmitted sexually. It is caused by a bacterium called Treponema pallidum (Treponema pallidum).

The disease can affect mucous membranes, skin, bones, and many internal organs and even the nervous system. It is distributed through small cracks or injured skin through sexual contact (e.g., oral, vaginal, and anal sex).

Also possible vertical transmission – from mother to infant during the labor process.

Syphilis has 4 stages of development: the incubation period and 3 forms of the disease – primary, secondary and tertiary. Thus, the tertiary form is very dangerous as it affects the heart and the brain and many other organs, which can lead to death. That is why the treatment of this disease is very important and necessary. About the self in this situation and the speech can not go.

Principles of treatment

Modern medicine uses more gentle methods of treatment that makes a disease sentence for a sick person. Syphilis is now successfully treated at every stage, however, this largely depends on the competence and responsibility of the VD clinic, and on compliance with all recommendations to patients.

What are the drugs to treat syphilis

For many decades the treatment was carried out with drugs penicillin, however this is not allowed treponemes (like many other bacteria) to develop resistance to them. Therefore, therapy with these drugs and, to date, remains the most viable.

It's about what the medications are treating syphilis will be discussed below.

Of the drugs penicillin, the following funds of prolonged action:

  • "Bitsillin" (1, 3, 5);
  • "Retarpen";
  • "Ekstentsillin".

They have a high efficiency in the fight against treponemes, but have significant disadvantages. Thus, penicillin antibiotics can often cause allergic reactions.

If the person is found allergic to penicillin, can be used and other medications from syphilis, which include:

  1. semi-synthetic penicillin drugs (for example, "Amoxiclav", which is a mixture of amoxicillin and clavulanic acid, and Ampicillin");
  2. antibiotics tetracycline (e.g. Doxycycline"; "Tetracycline" is not used due to high toxicity);
  3. macrolides (Clarithromycin", "Josamycin", "Erythromycin" or "Azithromycin");
  4. fluoroquinolones (Ciprofloxacin or Ofloxacin");
  5. aminoglycosides (Gentamicin or"Streptomycin");
  6. ciprofloxacin 3rd generation (Ceftriaxone").

It is important to note that the treatment of early syphilis is about 3 months and in most cases gives a positive result with proper selection and dosage of the drug. Therapy is in the final stages can last up to 2 years, and therefore requires considerable effort from not only the attending physician but also the patient.

There are cases where syphilis in the tertiary period, almost defies antibiotic treatment that provides a basis for the use of toxic drugs. Here the doctor can to the main treatment add drugs that contain bismuth (for example, "Biyohinol) or arsenic ("Miarsenol", "orally as tablets").

It is important for the treatment of disease is to increase the efficiency of the immune system, and vitamin.


It is worth noting that the treatment can be done with injections or tablets. However, tablets are antibiotics used mainly in the early stages of the disease, or if by reason of the prolonged use of injections in the gluteal muscle occurred its destructive changes. The entire "blow" is in the gastrointestinal tract.

Long-term use of drugs can lead to the development of inflammation of the kidneys or of the liver, peptic ulcer disease.

Often pills can be used as anti-allergic, immunostimulant or adjuvant. For example, in some cases, before the introduction of a new drug by injection is recommended for half an hour before the procedure to take it in a pill.


Therapy of syphilis is for the doctor very difficult and fairly time-consuming task that requires considerable experience and organization.

For the successful treatment of an infection caused by a pale Treponema, now commonly used antibiotics in the form of injections. Injections produced in the upper quadrant of the buttocks outside. In some special cases, the drug is administered intravenously.

In order to properly make the injection, it is necessary not only to mark the location for the injection, but also to correctly calculate the thickness of subcutaneous fat. This is important for the reason that pain with the introduction of the antibiotic in muscle tissue is much less than in subcutaneous fat.

It is also necessary that each time a shot had in different parts of the gluteal muscles, as the antibiotics may lead to inflammatory phenomena, and even necrosis. Therefore, to begin administering the drugs should be closer to the middle line, gradually moving away to the periphery. This will help to significantly reducenegative effects of drugs.

Treatment using injections generally lasts 10-40 days. It depends on the form of the disease and the selected medicine. Now you can often see ads that syphilis treated with a single injection. However, this is not true, as with a single injection will only "drive" the infection deeper into the body, hiding for a short time the symptoms that can result in very unpleasant consequences.