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How do you get Mycoplasma - way transmission

Mycoplasmosis is an infectious disease, the cause of which are bacteria called Mycoplasma. These microorganisms are considered opportunistic, i.e. they can live in the body of a healthy person in small quantities and not to cause clinical manifestations of infectious process.

However, under the influence of adverse external and internal factors Mycoplasma can begin to actively proliferate, causing mycoplasmosis and affecting certain organs and systems of the human body.

  • hominis;
  • genitalium;
  • pneumoniae.

The first two types cause inflammatory processes and diseases of the urogenital tract, and Mycoplasma pneumoniae can lead to pneumonia and other diseases of the respiratory system, and intrauterine infection.

The route of transmission of urogenital mycoplasmas

In this section, we consider how is mycoplasmosis which causes the disease of the urogenital tract of humans.

Urogenital bacteria (Mycoplasma hominis and Mycoplasma genitalium) are transmitted in the majority of cases are sexually transmitted. You can become infected during unprotected sexual intercourse (genital and anal), and the probability of infection ranges from 4 to 80% and depends on the state of human immunity and concomitant diseases.

It is often women who are carriers of these bacteria that they cause inflammatory processes in the urogenital tract. Men are often asymptomatic carriers. It is believed that in rare cases, Mycoplasma can be transmitted during oral sex.

Infection is not transmitted by kissing. Infection household by (e.g. sauna, pool, gym, via towels and other household items) is considered unlikely, since Mycoplasma cannot long exist outside of the human body, but such a phenomenon is not excluded.

So, there are cases of infection of children when using the common sheets and chamber pots, as well as when used by urologists and obstetricians instrumentation, disinfection which was unfair or wrong.

Urogenital Mycoplasma can infect the baby during childbirth (vertical transmission). The probability of infection in a newborn is quite high, since many studies show that Mycoplasma can penetrate into the amniotic fluid. The likelihood of transmission of bacteria through vertical mother-to-child range from 50 to 80 %.

Pets, patients Mycoplasma infection, are not a threat to human health, as thisthe microorganism is transmitted only from species to species.

So, Mycoplasma hominis is most common in women and can cause her vaginitis, cervicitis, urethritis, inflammation of the ovaries and of the uterus, which can lead to serious complications.

Men are in most cases detected Mycoplasma genitalium, which causes urethritis (inflammation of urethra). Treatment of urogenital mycoplasmosis is carried out using the antibiotics tetracycline (e.g., doxycycline or tetracycline), as well as by macrolides (e.g., erythromycin, roxithromycin, azithromycin, etc.).

The route of infection Mycoplasma pneumoniae

It is believed that M. pneumoniae is a cause of pneumonia in approximately 10-20 % of cases. In addition to pneumonia, the bacterium can cause the development of bronchiolitis, tracheobronchitis, and pharyngitis. Infection due to respiratory Mycoplasma, can last several weeks and sometimes even months.

How do you get Mycoplasma that causes this type of bacteria? M. pneumoniae is transmitted in most cases by droplets. It is believed that approximately every 3-7 years of recorded outbreaks of mycoplasmal infections in the form of epidemics.

Treatment of respiratory mycoplasmosis is similar to the treatment of urogenital diseases caused by this bacterium.