Causes Mycoplasma genitalium (hominis) - symptoms, treatment, ways of transmission
Combating these diseases can sometimes cause special difficulties, since the micro-organisms with each passing year, are becoming increasingly resistant to antibiotics, antiseptics and antiviral drugs. That is why this material will be devoted to a detailed analysis of the disease called mycoplasmosis caused causes Mycoplasma genitalium.
So in the human body is inhabited by 5 species of Mycoplasma:
- Mycoplasma hominis (mainly cause diseases of the genitourinary system in women);
- Mycoplasma pneumoniae (causes pneumonia and inflammation of the upper respiratory tract);
- Mycoplasma genitalium is a cause of urethritis in men);
- Mycoplasma incognitus;
- Ureaplasma urealyticum (causes anaplasmosis).
General information about Mycoplasma hominis
According to some reports, the prevalence of the bacteria among the population is 10-50%. It is noted that very often causes Mycoplasma genitalium detected in humans in the following cases:
- in individuals who have increased sexual activity;
- in people with concomitant diseases, such as gonorrhea or trichomoniasis;
- in pregnant women.
Mycoplasma hominis is detected in 80% of women who have any symptoms of genital infection.
The reason for 35-50% negonokokkovi is urethritis what causes Mycoplasma genitalium. There is also information that suggests that this bacterium may be the cause of prostatitis in men. In addition, in men, Mycoplasma infection can also lead to disruption of spermatogenesis, and to impede the penetration of sperm into the egg. Therefore, to treat the disease is necessary.
Transmitted causes Mycoplasma genitalium exclusively sexually transmitted. It is also possible a vertical way from mother to child (for example, quarters of baby girls on the genitals reveal Mycoplasma hominis), but there are many cases of self-healing of mycoplasmosis in children. Household contamination is considered unlikely.
The symptoms of infection
Causes Mycoplasma genitalium can cause in the human body following diseases:
- urethritis (inflammation of urethra);
- inflammation of the uterus and its appendages;
- bacterial vaginosis;
In most cases, of urogenital Mycoplasma infection proceeds is hidden. However, in the presence of certain precipitating circumstances, for example, otherdisease, childbirth, decreased immunity, stress, Mycoplasma can lead to acute diseases (endometritis in women).
The main symptoms of mycoplasmosis are profuse discharge from the genitals, and also feeling acute burning sensation during urination. A burning sensation can also occur during sexual intercourse. The symptoms often intensify periodically, alternating with remission.
Mycoplasmosis is often exacerbated during pregnancy. Mycoplasma hominis may cause death of embryo and spontaneous abortion and premature birth.
In men, the symptoms of mycoplasmosis are a pain during urination. Often, this disease can cause development of prostatitis and inflammation of the kidneys. In addition, it can lead to infertility.
PCR allows to detect DNA of the pathogen, which is a very accurate way to determine the etiological role of mycoplasmas in urogenital infections.
The advantages of molecular DNA is the identification of bacteria in a small amount of sample and regardless of the localization of material taken. The high sensitivity allows to detect the disease at a very early stage.
How is it treated
Treatment of mycoplasmosis involves the use of antibacterial drugs. The choice of antibiotic depends on the results of antibiogram, because all microorganisms have different sensitivity. In addition to antibiotic therapy, treatment of mycoplasmosis involves the use of methods aimed at enhancing immunity.
Today to treat the diseases of the urinary tract used drugs tetracycline (eg, doxycycline), macrolides and fluoroquinolones. It is known that penicillin antibiotics and sulfa drugs Mycoplasma resistant.
Treatment of urogenital mycoplasmosis generally lasts 3-7 days. In his scheme also adds antifungal drugs such as nystatin or clotrimazole, as the antibiotics can provoke the development of vaginal candidiasis.
To restore microflora are also used probiotic preparations (for example, vaginak, gynoflor, etc.). In addition, the treatment of Mycoplasma infection involves the use of vitamins and Immunostimulants, e.g., interferon.
Whenneed also used local products based on antibiotics or antiseptics, for example, vaginal suppositories with metronidazole. For men prescribe external creams or ointments, such as herbal medicine or oflocin.
The treatment of this disease in children involves the use of macrolide antibiotics.