Causes, symptoms and treatment of hominis Mycoplasma (hominis) and genitalium in women
As a representative of the normal flora, Mycoplasma may not show themselves. But sometimes it is too intensely multiplies, causing symptoms of inflammation and requires treatment.
Pathogens: M. hominis and M. genitalium
There are about 200 species of Mycoplasma, most of them nonpathogenic. Dangerous to humans consider only three main types: M. hominis, M. genitalium and M. pneumoniae. Hominis and genitalium can cause urogenital mycoplasmosis, and the last one was SARS.
It is important to know that the mere detection of Mycoplasma in the body is still no evidence of mycoplasmosis. This disease occurs and requires treatment only as a result of a sharp decrease in immunity and an excessive increase in the number of strains.
Mycoplasma itself as the microbe takes a middle position between bacteria and viruses. She, like chlamydia has no cell wall and are surrounded only by a thin membrane. Its size is so tiny that it is invisible even with very high magnification electron microscope. Mycoplasma hominis and genitalium – intracellular parasites with facultative anaerobic type of food. Getting into the environment, they quickly die.
The reasons for the development of infection
Drop in immunity can happen because of acute illness, severe stress, poor nutrition or prolonged use of antibiotics and steroids. The nature of the disease is similar to the gardnerellosis, i.e. its origin cannot be attributed solely to sexually transmitted. The mycoplasmosis often suffer women, not come into have sex. Therefore, it is not a sexually transmitted disease is an opportunistic infection.
But, of course, Mycoplasma hominis, and Mycoplasma genitalium, able to move from one person to another during intercourse. The symptoms do not develop always and only in the presence of a weakened immune system partner. In addition, contamination can occur in the home using common towel, although the probability is extremely small.
Not excluded vertical transmission of Mycoplasma genitalium and hominis mother in childbirth to the child. Thus the child develops Mycoplasma pneumonia, require emergency treatment.
The symptoms of female urogenital mycoplasmosis
Mycoplasma of genitalium hominis and may long time to be inthe cervical canal and the urethra women, does not prove itself. Often, the first symptoms after an abortion or childbirth. Unfortunately, mycoplasmosis in women has no characteristic symptoms by which the infection could be identified. It rarely develops in isolation, often accompanied by chlamydia, and trichomoniasis, gardnerellosis.
Selection accompanied by itching, discomfort during intercourse, and symptoms of urethritis. It pains when urinating and frequent urge bringing a woman to the doctor, forcing him to take the tests. And in parallel with other infections are often detected and causes Mycoplasma genitalium or genitalium.
However, to identify infection in a usual smear it is impossible, it requires a study of PCR. The disease is transient in nature and tend to subside, then appear again.
Treatment of Mycoplasma in women
Standard antibiotics such as penicillins and cephalosporins, for the treatment of mycoplasmosis is not applicable. They affect the cell wall of microbes and Mycoplasma of genitalium hominis and it deprived. Therefore, for the treatment of mycoplasmosis are more modern antibiotics with a different mechanism of action. For example, often are assigned "Sumamed", "Amoxiclav", "Doxycycline", etc.
The antibiotic selection is made by the doctor individually, taking into account what medications the patient and her partner had previously been treated. Again the same antibiotic pills are not applied as a high probability that Mycoplasma has managed to form a resistance to them.
To therapy appeared to be effective, treatment must necessarily both sexual partners. Even when one of them has no symptoms of infection, treatment only makes sense in parallel taking the prescribed drugs.
Since the main cause of Mycoplasma infections is low immunity in his treatment widely used Immunostimulants. And in order to neutralize the harmful effects of antibiotics, orally and topically in the form of candles prescribers with lactobacilli. For the prevention of candidiasis in the treatment of mycoplasmal infections often are written even and antifungal medications.
What are the complications
Long for Mycoplasma without symptoms leads to the development of endometritis – inflammation of the endometrium. In women with Mycoplasma endometritis frequent miscarriage and missed abortion. From the uterus of M. hominis and M. genitalium can spread to its appendages with the development of adnexitis. Thenthe pipes appear adhesions, which can lead to ectopic pregnancy.