Symptoms, causes, treatment of Mycoplasma of genitalium hominis and men
Characterization of the pathogen
Mycoplasma refers to a unicellular gram-negative representatives of a class of mollicutes. Occupies a position between viruses, fungi and bacteria.
The cell membrane of the microorganism does not have a shell, instead of a thin film, detectable only by electron microscopy. With its help it is attached to the cells of the host organism, using its reserves for its own existence. This mechanism allows the parasite to be inaccessible to the human immune system. Place of parasitism – the mucous membranes of the genitourinary system men.
The question of pathogenicity of the described microorganisms, especially species of hominid, not resolved. It is believed that they can be in the male body in certain quantities, without causing illness. Multiplication above the boundary level leads to the inflammation of the mucous membranes of the genitourinary tract. There is no simple answer, under what conditions it happens.
View genitalium more dangerous pathogen and can not be classified as saprophytes, but is less common.
The way of transmission
The infection is sexually transmitted. Contact during oral, anal, genital sex if no contraception, lead to the penetration of the parasite into the body. A condom is a guarantee of protection high degree.
Transmission path, called domestic, is unlikely. Access to the pool, classes at the gym, use of common utensils, toilet seat, safe. Infectious agents are killed when exposed to disinfectants, low and high temperatures.
The symptoms of Mycoplasma in men
Mycoplasma infections of the urogenital system often deprived the individual of the symptoms that help in diagnosis. Usually the disease is hidden.
Causes Mycoplasma genitalium lives in the mucous membranes of virtually every man, as the accompanying flora, while the body is strong. With the weakening of the protective properties of the reproduction of microbes. Appear urethral discharge, scant in quantity, discomfort in the groin area, pain pulling character, a burning sensation during urination.
When the involved tissue of the testes, redness, increase their size, pain in the scrotum.
In the absence of adequate treatment mechanisms triggered by Mycoplasma, can cause sperm production, to reduce the activity of sperm. In 40% of infertile men detected these pathogens.
Mycoplasma infection is often an accidental finding during examination of patients with urolithiasis, prostate cancer. But the role of these organisms in the development of such pathologies has not been proven.
Mycoplasma tightly attached to the affected cells, the result is the possibility of exchange of genetic material. Disturbed correct differentiation into "us" and "them" starts producing antibodies against tissues of its own body men.
The examination should comply with the phasing. First of all, the examination of the expert. Then seed funding to identify, evaluate the amount of infectious agents and identify sensitivity to certain antimicrobial. The method is effective before you start taking antibiotics. Material for study – urethral discharge, prostatic secretions, urine and ejaculate.
Up to 98% of the specificity of the method that detects genetic material of bacteria (polymerase chain reaction). Investigates are usually the scrapings of the epithelium of the urethra, foreskin, a discharge of a prostate, urine and blood. It is important to make the fence in the morning, before or after 2-3 hours after the act of urination.
Absolute indication for treatment in men may not be only identifying hominis and Mycoplasma genitalium. With the obvious urological symptoms must undergo in the presence of other pathogens, like Mycoplasma are rarely the only source of the disease.
The main component of complex treatment – antibiotics, preferably afterdetermination of sensitivity to specific items.
Antiprotozoal, antimycotic means, correction of the immune areas, irrigation of the urethra with liquid forms of medications – an important link in the chain of medical interventions in men. Therapy with vitamins, herbs and thisprocedure optimize the healing process.
During treatment appropriate the prohibition of sexual life, consumption of beer and spirits. Undesirable sauna. After the treatment and until the results of the monitoring of the required barrier protection a condom.
Planning conception – only to cure, confirmed by laboratory.
Cultural control study carried out after at least 2 weeks after treatment, DNA-analysis is not earlier than 1 month. Detection of antibodies G-class reasonably in the blood after 6 months. Immunity to Mycoplasma is not produced, it is therefore possible reinfection.