Who and when required vaccination and revaccination against hepatitis b?
Most people put these vaccinations in childhood. But the body produces antibodies against hepatitis b for a certain period of time - about 5 years. As soon as the action ends, the ability to get sick again. Moreover, at older ages, the consequences of the disease are more severe.
Is there really any risk of infection?
Many adults believe that infection with hepatitis B only affects children when they attend kindergartens or schools. But all is not so simple. With age, the risk remains, if not re-vaccinated against hepatitis B.
Infection is possible in various places. It happens that the infection has entered the doctor in attendance. According to medical statistics, a lot of patients are infected with, using the services of a dentist. The risk of catching the infection and the lab tests. Physicians are required to use disposable instruments for blood collection, but not always. Practice shows that cases of infection are quite common.
All the terms of those schemes must be adhered to strictly. If you skip the due day or if it has been more than 5 months after the first injection, vaccination starts from the beginning.
If the patient misses the time of the third vaccination, is such a scheme: 0-2, that is, the second is 2 months after the first. Only then the vaccine will be considered fulfilled.
In that case, when the patient once started the vaccination, making vaccinations at 2, it is considered fully implemented. But the amount must be at least 3 injections. That's how much it takes to develop immunity against hepatitis.
It is necessary to observe the timing of the injection. In some cases, the interval between injections can be increased, but make it shorter not. This is especially true of children.
Women will be interested to know whether it is possible to vaccinate pregnant women. Physicians are advised to prepare for pregnancy, making all the necessary vaccinations before conception. Negative effects on the fetus from injections are not revealed, but such research was not carried out. Procedure can be performed only in special cases, for example, if the expectant mother is in the epidemiological area.
If a woman is breastfeeding, it is possible to put inoculations from a hepatitis. The kid's body harm is not caused. And even, on the contrary, antibodies can get to the child with mom's milk. Therefore the newborn immune.
Injection against hepatitis B is found in muscle. The medicinal substance is impracticalenter under the skin: the effect of this will not be enough, and besides formed of subcutaneous seal.
Contraindications and adverse reactions
Vaccination against hepatitis b has contraindications. It does not make people older than 55 years. Do not enter the vaccine and has been ill with hepatitis. You can't vaccinate someone who is ill to them at the moment. It will worsen health. The vaccine does not put anyone who is ill with an acute form of any disease. Only after complete recovery you can make a shot.
Contraindicated injection and those who suffer from Allergy to any component of the vaccine. To do or not vaccinated woman expecting a baby, is a moot point. Infection with hepatitis in pregnant women sometimes happens. Pharmacists claim that their facilities do not bring harm neither mother nor baby. But not worth the risk, it is better to get vaccinated before conception. This will help to preserve the health of both mother and child.