How many are living with chronic hepatitis C?
Factors influencing survival
Affect the duration of survival in chronic hepatitis the following factors:
- the presence of excess weight;
- the use of alcohol;
- the use of narcotic drugs;
Chronic hepatitis C
Asymptomatic phase can be quite long. There were cases when this period was more than 50 years. However, not all that favorably. On average, life-threatening complications develop in 10 years. Significantly reduces life expectancy alcohol intake.
The duration of survival depends on how much time already hurts man, does the hepatoprotective and symptomatic treatment, whether there are comorbidities, particularly diabetes and obesity. Women are more prone to progression of the disease than men. Subject to sparing to the liver food, healthy lifestyle, restorative therapy, survival can be extended to several decades.
Hepatitis C is called a "silent killer" due to its asymptomatic inevitable movement toward death. Often it is detected in the blood by accident, while preventive checks for the presence of antibodies to it. In 70% of cases it becomes chronic.
Ascites is a complication of cirrhosis associated with cirrhotic accumulation of pathologic fluid in the abdominal cavity. This phenomenon occurs in decompensated cirrhosis. With this complication of the three-year survival rates are given only 25 % of patients. Hepatic encephalopathy is a complication that reduces life expectancy on average for a period of about a year. If it is a severe encephalopathy, coma, life expectancy is reduced to months or less.
Internal bleeding from veins in the esophagus, stomach leads to a significant reduction in life expectancy. Bleeding can be both small and profuse. Not alwaysable to stop them. Liver failure leads to a sharp decrease of blood clotting. Especially life-threatening bleeding from esophageal varices. Venous plexus there are massive, cirrhosis are filled with blood. Stop surgically difficult because of poor accessibility and ineffective. Death in this case is around 45%. About the high probability of a lethal outcome signal such biochemical parameters of blood: albumin while reducing its in blood less than 2.5 mg %, sodium less than 120 mmol/L.
If early alcoholic cirrhosis the person stops drinking alcohol and begins to engage in hepatoprotective therapy, the liver can still recover relatively well, the manifestations will subside, and the likelihood of five-year survival rate increased to 60%.
Extremely unfavorable is a combination of alcoholic and viral chronic hepatitis. Cirrhosis and its complications come fast and runs hard.
Thus, if cirrhosis or other complications have not occurred or are in the early stages, with diet, avoiding harmful habits, good treatment to retain life expectancy with chronic hepatitis long enough.
Prevention of disease
- refusing to use intravenous drugs (if you can't give them up, never use someone else's syringes and needles);
- do not use other people's razors, toothbrushes and any items where it may be blood;
- on reception at the dentist check that all potentially dangerous manipulations were performed with disposable instruments only;
- visit only tested and high-quality manicure and tattoo parlors (the master must wash your hands often, work in disposable gloves and use disposable instruments);
- persons who have sex with patients With hepatitis C or infected, it is recommended that the use of condoms.
Follow these simple tips and stay healthy!