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Gardnerellosis (bacterial vaginosis) symptoms, signs, causes, treatment

Gardnerellosis is widespread in the world of opportunistic infection. It is called conditionally pathogenic bacterium Gardnerella vaginalis, which normally is always present in the vagina.

Although gardnerellosis can hurt both men and women, for the latter this disease is more common. The reason for this is that men all fall within the urethra bacteria are rapidly washed out of her when urinating. At the same time in the woman's vagina created favorable conditions for their vital activity.

Causes of gardenista

Cause of gardnerellosis becomes a sharp change in the reaction environment of the vagina to the alkaline side. This can occur when loss of lactobacilli and the reduction in the production of their acid and peroxide. This situation leads to uncontrolled reproduction and increase the population of gardnerellas and other opportunistic microbes. Therefore, gardnerellosis collectively referred to as bacterial vaginosis.

Factors of development of bacterial vaginosis

What are the immediate causes of bacterial vaginosis? The death of dairy bacteria can cause different factors. This long-term use of antibiotics, and the constant wearing of synthetic underwear and panty liners. This included the reduction in the overall immunity as a result of diseases, poor nutrition or stress.

Itself bacterial vaginosis harmless enough. But the lack of vagina's natural defenses in the form of dairy bacteria leads to rapid proliferation of pathogenic microbes. Bacterial vaginosis "opens the door" for the emergence of such infections as chlamydia, trichomoniasis etc. it is vital to know how to cure gardnerellosis and prevent complications.

Symptoms in men

Although most men the bacterium does not cause symptoms, yet 10% of them cardenales can manifest itself clinically.

In this case, from the urethra appears unpleasant smelling discharge dirty muddy yellow color. It may have a peculiar smell, resembling rotten fish. It is due to the release of gardnerellas as a result of life ammonium compounds. In addition, the foreskin may redden and become inflamed, causing discomfort to its owner.

Penetrating the urethra, the bacterium causes inflammation of the lining there, which develop symptoms of urethritis. The appearance of the man of signs such as frequent false urge to urinate and sharp pain at the same time, you need to go to the urologist to determine the cause. Launched gardnerelly urethritis can lead to kidney disease, prostatitis and even impotence.

Symptoms in women

In women with a sharp increase in the number gardnerellas the vagina symptomsappear in nearly 100% of cases. It is also a highlight, smelling of fish, yellow. Later they are joined by other signs of gardnerellosis: itching, irritation and swelling of the labia. The mucosa of the external genitalia looks bright red, sometimes with erosive damage. The increase in temperature and General intoxication with isolated cardinalate does not develop.

Possible complications

In addition to urethritis and cystitis that occur in women with bacterial vaginosis more often than men, the disease is characterized by other effects.

The violation of the reaction environment in the vagina leads to difficulties when trying to get pregnant. A secondary connection of pathogenic bacteria type of Trichomonas and chlamydia cause a vaginitis, endocervicitis or endometriosis. Chronic gardnerellosis in complex with sexually transmitted infections can lead to adhesions in the tubes and increases the risk of ectopic pregnancy.

When the first symptoms of gardenista it is extremely important to contact your gynecologist or urologist for the delivery stroke. It will show not only the number gardnerellas, but the presence of other pathogenic microbes. The sooner the patient learns how to cure bacterial vaginosis, the more success you can expect from treatment. PAP is possible as in a conventional clinic, and independent diagnostic laboratories.

How and what to treat gardnerellosis

Treatment of gardenista consists of two phases. At the first stage it is necessary to destroy the existing microorganisms, to free up space for colonization of beneficial bacteria. It is important to avoid excessive reproduction of fungi. At a later stage, used drugs with lactic bacteria to restore the normal biocenosis. Sometimes both stages of treatment go hand in hand.

The first phase of therapy

To learn how to treat bacterial vaginosis in the first stage, it is necessary to consult a doctor. On the basis of sensitivity and resistance of bacteria to various drugs the doctor prescribes the most effective. To get rid of the Gardnerella, preparations of imidazoles (Ornidazole, tinidazole, seknidazol) and clindamycin, as well as antifungal agents to prevent candidiasis.

Effective treatment of gardnerellosis consists of General and local impacts. So, inside the assigned tablets and capsules with the active substance. Injections for the treatment of bacterial vaginosis rarely used. The treatment is General and local use of candles. And candles as there are for women, and narrow in the form of sticks for men. The use of douching is contraindicated because it exacerbates dysbiosis.

The second stage

After allpathogenic flora is destroyed, it is important to populate it with Lactobacillus. If you ignore this step, later gardnerellosis will progress. Drugs with dairy bacteria need to be used internally in the form of starter cultures and capsules and topically in the form of suppositories before bedtime. This would prevent intestinal dysbiosis and recurrent gardenista.