HPV screening and determination of viral load of human papillomavirus of high carcinogenic risk
What is HPV?
HPV - human papillomavirus, which can, in low concentrations present in the human body. In the vast majority of situations, the immune system is able to cope with the virus on their own. But under certain circumstances (immunosuppression, e.g.) the virus starts to actively provoke the development of a disease. Classified into different types, among which are the low and high carcinogenic risk (HPV WRC). That is, the feature of this virus is that it can cause precancerous and cancerous diseases. In women is cervical cancer, neoplasia, dysplasia. Despite the fact that the external signs of the virus PCH may long be absent, his influence can be major changes in health, which in some years can result in a serious condition.
Statistics is that about 80% of women who turned 50 years old, already had HPV.
Transmission of HPV. In most situations, unprotected barrier contraception sexual contact of any kind (oral, vaginal, anal, etc.) with a carrier of the infection.
Method polymerase chain reaction is of great diagnostic value, because when it is installed the availability of each type of VP. Contrast to immunological methods (which identifies antibodies to the pathogen) is that PCR detects the pathogen or its component fragments (even in as small concentrations). That allows to judge about the methodology of the PCR as the most sensitive and accurate.
The principle of PCR is the following: in the analyzed material (blood, urine, secretions, etc.) DNA or RNA of the pathogen associated with the reagent. The latter has a selective activity and is able to enter into communication exclusively with a particular nucleic acid. For this reason, achieves a 100% accurate test result. And because the test allows to investigate any tissue fluid, it is universal, simple and convenient.
In the Arsenal of every physician there are many ways to establish the diagnosis of PCH and assign adequate therapy.
The main thing - not to delay the visit to the doctor.