What is HPV and what is the role of human papillomavirus in gynecology?
HPV in gynecology
Many women are carriers of the human papilloma virus, but they don't even know it. This disease is caused by a virus that affects the skin in the genital area, as well as their mucosa.
Papilloma virus enters the skin or mucous membrane and fixed on her, he does not enters the bloodstream or other organs. If conditions are favorable, it begins to evolve and may take on a malignant character, in gynecology, it can lead to cervical cancer.
The human papilloma virus is known in over one hundred different types, but on categories of cancer risk for the women he shares the attitude of low, medium and high risk.
As you can see, it is not necessary to be upset upon hearing such a diagnosis, as not every HPV will lead to cancer development. But don't relax and need to constantly monitor their health, as types of HPV with high risk is very dangerous. If to speak about gynecology, HPV 16 and 18 in 92% of all cases lead to the development of cervical cancer.
If you've found any tumors in the genital area, should immediately contact the doctor. He will undergo tests and prescribe appropriate treatment. Diagnosis is by carrying out an HPV test. If the diagnosis is confirmed, assigned a colposcopy, that is, examination of the endometrium under high magnification, are smears and scrapings for a more detailed examination. May be assigned to conduct bioscopia, wherein the selected tissue sample and carried out histological examination.
There are several ways to remove papillomas on the neck of the uterus: electrocoagulation, radionor, cryosurgery, surgical removal, laser. Application radiologa not allow to burn. The method used for the removal of genital warts. Electrocoagulation allows you to completely remove the damaged tissue, it is more effective than laser or using nitrogen. This method leads to the formation of a small scar remains burned, but healthy tissue is not damaged.
For the removal of moles is most often used laser, after which do not form metastases and no bleeding. Surgicalremoval is traditional, in this case, along with the mole is removed the area of skin around it at a distance of 3-5 cm.
If papillomas or warts protrude above the skin, the effective use of cryoablation.
In order to avoid infection with HPV or at least to reduce the risk of infection, as with other diseases, it is necessary to take preventive measures.
When a girl begins to live a sexual life, she must undergo an examination by a gynecologist at least once a year. You need to try to sex was tested with one partner. When you maintain an active sex life with different partners the risk of disease increases significantly.
If you use any protection there is a small probability of contamination, but the use of condoms reduces this risk to a minimum. There are now medications that allow you to completely cure a woman from HPV.
Effective is vaccination, but this is not a method of treatment and method of prevention, not to catch HPV. All the issues with the vaccine you only need to address with your gynecologist, who will tell you whether or not to carry out it in your case.