The symptoms and treatment of prostate cancer 1,2,3,4 extent: prognosis and life expectancy
General information about the disease
Prostate or prostate gland plays an important role in the male body. It enables the production of a significant amount of seminal fluid and is responsible for its eruption. In addition, this body regulates the mechanism of detention of urine, and thus performs an important function in the process of urination. Thus, the prostate is quite important in the male body.
Prostate cancer is a malignant tumor, growing from the epithelial cells of the prostate gland, and most often refers to hormone-dependent neoplastic diseases provoked by excessive levels of testosterone in the blood of men. The disease is characterized by a rather slow, almost asymptomatic initial development with a tendency to metastasis in the early stages. Metastasis is aimed at involvement of pelvic and retroperitoneal lymph nodes, bone tissue of the pelvis and spine, liver and lungs.
On the first two stages of the pathology is possible to use brachytherapy. This operation consists in the introduction of solid tumors radioactive drug that provides effective and focused target irradiation of the affected area. The power of radiation effects are selected strictly individually, taking into account characteristics of the organism. The procedure can be temporary and permanent. In the first case, the radioactive element is introduced for 10-12 minutes. With constant exposure to the drug is established for a long period.
In the early stages of the disease to fight the tumor is possible by using the introduction of hormonal drugs that block testosterone. This treatment does not eliminate the previously existing tumor, but helps to stop the growth of tumor and to exclude metastasis. The most important thing that therapy provides an opportunity to significantly improve the General condition of the patient men.
Hormonal therapy is a type of chemotherapy. The most common drugs are: Mitoxantrone (used together with Prednisone), Doxorubicin, Paclitaxel, Estramustine phosphate. Their impact occurs at the DNA level. The modern tool is the Zoladex,contains the active substance (goserelin), can affect the functioning of the pituitary gland.
Prostate cancer can be effectively cured if it is detected in the early stages. Timely application of radical methods of treatment allows to completely cure the cancer 2 stage with a probability of almost 90%. In case of impossibility of surgical intervention, showing rather good results and other non-radical therapies. It is important to identify the disease in the first or second stage, which sometimes causes great difficulty in connection with its asymptomatic course.