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What is hypertrophy of the prostate is, what its symptoms and treatment?

According to the latest medical statistics prostate hypertrophy is found in every second men older than 60 years. To understand why the disease is widespread among men of this age, it is necessary to consider its causes, symptoms, and basic treatment.

The causes of hypertrophy of the prostate

Special on the male body is the prostate (prostatitis), which depends entirely on the sexual function of men, his General health and psycho-emotional attitude.

Hypertrophy (BPH) the prostate is an uncontrolled benign growth of cells of the specified body, in which there is a significant increase in size.

With the progression of the disease prostate starts to press on nearby urethra, thereby creating great problems with urination.

It is important to note that hypertrophy of the prostate gland can be either independent disease, or one of the significant symptoms in some diseases of the male urogenital system: cancer, sexually transmitted diseases, chronic prostatitis, etc.

The causes of prostatic hypertrophy have not been well studied. Some scientists the growth of prostate cells is associated with the following factors:

  • age-related changes in the male body, in connection with the events of natural hormonal disorders;
  • genetic predisposition;
  • bad habits;
  • frequent stressful situations.

Дискомфорт пр мочеиспускании как симптом гипертрофии простаты

Due to the delay of urine in the bladder its toxins penetrate into the blood, occurs intoxication. The bladder increases in size, what causes excruciating pain. The patient's condition becomes critical and he needs immediate hospitalization.

Diagnosis and treatment of

Hypertrophy of the prostate can be easily diagnosed by turning the patient to the doctor. The most effective method of diagnosis at the initial stage is considered to be a rectal finger examination of the prostate. In the presence of the disease to the touch will be well visible increased gland size, its dense and smooth structure. If necessary, the doctor appoints to the patient additionally the following laboratory and instrumental studies:

  • clinical analyses of urine and blood;
  • determine the value of PSA in the blood;
  • TRUS;
  • Ultrasound of the pelvic organs;
  • a biopsy of the prostate tissues;
  • uroflowmetry etc.

After conducting the diagnosticevents and the establishment of correct diagnosis for each patient to tailor treatment.

There are 2 main methods of treatment of the said disease:

  • conservative;
  • surgical.

Conservative treatment is possible when it detects diseases at early stages. Usually the following groups of drugs:

  • inhibitors of 5-alpha-reductase;
  • alpha blockers;
  • herbal remedies.

Treatment is aimed at decrease in prostate size and removing the patient's pain. In the presence of the urogenital system of any infections are appointed Antibacterials. In addition to the basic treatment can be used sitz baths with healthy herbs, prostate massage, drinking herbal infusions, etc.

In the later stages of hypertrophy of the prostate effective treatment is the radical surgery. Can be applied various methods of removing excessive parts of the prostate.

The surgeon selects the method of surgery, focusing on the development process, presence of complications, patient's General condition. Nowadays, the use of modern laser equipment in the operations allows to minimize the negative effects.

Conclusion on the subject

Thus, prostate hypertrophy refers to diseases, able to deliver a man of physical and mental suffering. Only a caring attitude towards their health, regular examinations of the genitourinary system allow early detect the disease and to take urgent steps to his recovery.