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Causes, symptoms, danger and treatment of hypertonicity of the uterus during pregnancy in the 2nd trimester

How dangerous is hypertonicity of the uterus during pregnancy 2nd trimester which has already begun? Premature muscle tension of the uterus creates certain difficulties for both the mother and the child, and in some cases jeopardizes the nurturing of the baby before it was due.

Signs and treatment of uterine hypertonus

In order to recognize a breach and to address to the gynecologist, you need to listen to their feelings and know how to manifest hypertonicity and what are its characteristics. Some women because of individual device features of the nervous system increased sensitivity to any changes in the uterus, in this case, they feel unpleasant and painful spasms in the abdomen, as at the beginning of the menstrual cycle. These symptoms indicate increased tone of the uterus. Other women have a reduced sensitivity, they may not be able to feel the muscle tension of the uterus, they require the assistance of a gynecologist to diagnose the disorders. As a result of stress, overexertion or powerful emotion, the uterus can significantly strain. In early pregnancy this causes abortion, because the spasm of blood vessels does not allow the fetus to get enough nutrients. The result is either miscarriage or missed abortion.

Therefore, no matter what, keep calm that can be very difficult, because the pregnancy is always associated with increased emotional stress women.

How to determine the tone of the uterus in the second trimester of your own?

  • according to their own feelings to women;
  • visually upon inspection of the lower part of the abdomen there is the smartness of the abdominal wall;
  • on palpation of the anterior abdominal wall in its lower part is very hard and dense.

УЗИ для диагностики тонуса матки

Need to lie down, relax and breathe. If the feelings, the pain increases, you need to call an ambulance. The first thing that will offer the paramedic is hospitalization for observation. The only event that takes place on the spot, is the intramuscular injection of antispasmodic. When bleeding to refuse admission unreasonable. To maintain pregnancy should not only learn, but also to eliminate the cause of the hypertonicity. And without ultrasound tests and it's impossible. How is the treatment?

  1. If the symptoms of hypertonus occurred against a background of emotional overstimulation women, appointed by sedatives. Pregnant women should organize for himself a favorable situation, avoid dealing with annoying relatives, to minimize any negative interaction. For the sake of healthunborn child you need to convey to their environment, the rules of constructive dialogue. Nice soothing effect of yoga for pregnant women or meditation. This helps to abstract from the tense situation and get at least a short-term peace.
  2. When hypertonicity is caused by the formation of a tumor, the decision on how it will be biopsied. In most cases, the pregnancy can be saved, however, the forecast will be different for each type of tumors.
  3. The most common cause of hypertonicity is a hormonal disorder in the woman's body. In order to provide pregnancy appropriate hormonal support is usually prescribe a course of drugs containing hormones. In some cases, a woman hospitalitynet in the inpatient Department, in order to provide it with complete rest and a regular flow of auxiliary drugs. Hormones have a huge impact on a child's development. If the endocrine system of the mother can not cope with the maintenance of pregnancy, it is necessary to use hormonal therapy. Without medical assistance in case of disturbances in the endocrine system to maintain the pregnancy until childbirth will not succeed.

In the case where the increased muscle tension of the uterus was caused by the inflammatory process, its cropped selected for each case with medicines. Sometimes can not do without antibiotics. All drugs necessarily are assigned based on the existing pregnancy. In the choice of means doctors are guided by the following principles:

  1. If the potential benefit to the mother outweighs the potential harm to the fetus, the drug is assigned.
  2. If the damage to the fetus is greater than the benefit to the mother, selected a different course of treatment.

If a doctor, cause any doubts, you need to consult with another specialist. If the opinion of two or more qualified medical staff converge in the selection of medicines, need to start treatment.

The effects of vitamin

Sometimes increased tone of the uterus in the second trimester is caused by the irrational use of vitamins. Pregnant women are convinced that you should consume as much calcium, so they include in your diet not only calcium rich foods, but also special vitamin complexes. Excess calcium is manifested by symptoms such as muscle spasms, including the muscles of the uterus.

No substance can be useful if you use it more than necessary. Artificially increasing the amount of calcium, pregnant women do not consider that there is an optimal average daily dose. And it should be borne in mindbefore using vitamin supplements. If blood biochemistry suggests hypervitaminosis calcium prescribers with magnesium to restore balance. To prevent hypervitaminosis calcium or other substances necessary for the efficient selection of the diet.

The relaxation and exercise of the muscles of the uterus

One of the causes of hypertonicity of the uterus is the premature opening of the cervix. Normal cervix has to open just before birth, but not this early on, as the 2 trimester. Clinical practice shows that premature disclosure of the cervix, there are two most common reasons are:

  • weak muscles of the uterus;
  • hormonal disorders in the pregnant body.

Hormonal abnormalities can be corrected with the help of special drugs, and weak muscles need to train more in preparation for pregnancy. Approximately six months prior to the pregnancy should engage in intimate gymnastics, which will not only help to strengthen the muscles of the vagina and uterus, but also lead to the form all the muscles of the pelvic floor. Strong and flexible the muscles will help to cope with the extra load on the spine, which will give pregnancy already in the 2nd trimester. The great advantage of intimate gymnastics is that it is an effective preventive measure against premature disclosure of the cervix. If to pregnancy the woman did not care about the condition of the muscles of the pelvis, that after conception will help yoga or gymnastics for pregnant women.


Specially selected exercises allow you to gently stimulate blood circulation in the lower body, what is good for the work of the placenta. Many women are concerned about whether sex can cause increased tone of the uterus in the second trimester? No, it can't, if you follow the following rules:

  • choose a position without deep penetration;
  • to carry out the sexual act only when a sufficient excitation of women, to prevent trauma to the vaginal use vaginal lubricants;
  • to prevent sexually transmitted infections.

Sex without aggression and helps to relax all muscles of the pregnant woman, including the uterus muscles. For the peace and sense of security to the pregnant woman, preferably on a regular basis to experience positive sensations, especially orgasm. To abandon safe sex should be only if it strongly insists the doctor. Increased tone of the uterus in the 2nd trimester successfully correctable. With timely treatment for medical assistance you can get everything you need for a successful completion of pregnancy.