Urogenital chlamydiosis is one of the most frequently reported STIs for both women and men. Most common in young adults (35-40 years). Urogenital chlamydia prefer to be occupied with Mycoplasma, Ureaplasma and Trichomonas, so isolated chlamydia is less common compared to mixed infection.
Clinical manifestations in infected may be different, it depends on the method of infection, immune status and associated diseases.
Acute infection is accompanied by fever, deterioration of General condition, appearance of the unpleasant abundant Muco-purulent discharge from the genital tract and urethra, with itching and a burning sensation when urinating. Symptoms of an acute urogenital chlamydia infection very similar to gonorrhea.
In the absence of adequate treatment, the symptoms of acute infection subside, but the recovery does not occur. As you can see in the image above, chlamydia can be long enough to persist in the host cells, multiplying and causing sluggish inflammatory process.
It is this sluggish, oligosymptomatic for causes circulation of the pathogen in the population, high incidence of complications such as infertility, miscarriage and infections in newborns.
It should also be noted that 40-50% of the holders of urogenital chlamydia never have any symptoms.
Thus, prevention of chlamydial infection should be timely diagnosis and regular laboratory tests (study of PCR, culture and other methods smears, scrapings, of the first portion of urine, semen, etc.), disease control. Great importance of barrier contraception, commitment to monogamy and the rejection of random connections.