The symptoms and treatment of vaginal dysbiosis
The etiology of the disease
Causes of infection the cavity of the vagina, reduction of the number of beneficial microflora are different. For the development of dysbacteriosis of the vagina creates favorable conditions as a result of:
- failure of hormonal levels in puberty, pregnancy or due to increased synthesis of progesterone and decrease of estrogen;
- settlement of a fungal infection after getting into the vagina from the outside;
- of intestinal dysbiosis;
- endocrine diseases;
- of diabetes;
- the presence of a foreign body in the vagina;
- deformation of the cervix, vagina;
- postoperative injuries of the pelvic floor muscles;
- the lack of sexual activity for a long time;
- the occurrence of colds, infectious processes in the body;
- abortion, artificial surgery;
- frequent changes of climate;
- mental breakdowns, the constant stress;
- the natural course of chronic inflammation in the epididymis or in the uterine cavity;
- excessive intake of antibiotics;
- infection of the genitals Trichomonas, chlamydia;
- the rules of personal hygiene, the use of clean pads, tampons;
- untimely change of clean underwear;
Reproduction of fungal infection in the vagina can be due to:
- vitamin deficiency;
- of diabetes;
- improper treatment with antibiotics, corticosteroids, cytostatics, which led eventually to the decline of hormonal and the body's defenses.
How to recognize pathology?
Symptoms of dysbiosis in an early stage of development may be insignificant or absent altogether. Over time:
- itching, burning in the vulva and vagina;
- unpleasant feeling, discomfort during sex;
- cramps when urinating;
- dryness in the cavity of the vagina;
- discharge with an unpleasant odor dull yellowish or greenish. Sometimes their character can change for a long time and go unnoticed.
Allocation is possible in the absence of infection. However, normally, they are transparent and odorless. These are the most common symptoms of dysbacteriosis, but when they appear you need to sound the alarm and seek medical attention. There is pus and odor - a clear indication that sexualorgans inflammation or infection.
The development of inflammation in the vagina may accompany inflammatory processes in the bladder, the appendages or of the vaginal mucosa. The penetration of bacteria into the cavity of the uterus leads to the development of endometriosis. Further spread of infection to the appendages to the development of adnexitis, when injected into the urethra for urethritis or cystitis.
The development of inflammatory processes in the cavity of the vagina affects not only women but also girls due to some factors that contributed to the contamination, for example, unstable hormones, lack of adherence to the rules of personal hygiene, timely replacement of underwear.
During pregnancy harmful bacteria displace useful development of vaginal dysbiosis. The like symptoms and inflammation: itching, burning, pain during sex, discharge. Hormonal background of women is reconstructed, which affects all organs and the microflora of the vagina in particular. In the cervical canal increases and thickens the mucus, moving away a thick foamy leucorrhea. Treatment is difficult during pregnancy, as antibiotics and immunomodulators undesirable. The doctor takes measures on elimination of the symptoms of dysbiosis, pathogenic microflora and pathogens, leading to infection sexually. For the successful resolution of childbirth pregnant shown local treatment candles, ointments, folk remedies.
The disease is dangerous and fraught with complications if its development had started even before pregnancy. The spontaneous abortion in early pregnancy, infection of the fetus or shell in the 3rd trimester, prenatal rupture of waters, premature onset of labor, the development of hypoxia, sepsis after childbirth.
In the treatment of vaginosis caused by bacteria shows suppositories of dysbiosis ( Klion D, Neo-penotran, Clindacin, Glaygl), cream (Rozeks, Metrogyl, Dalacin, Rosamet). To eliminate anaerobic bacteria tablets (Trihopol, Ornidazole, Clindamycin, Tinidazole, Metronidazole), but only in the 3rd trimester, the drugs are toxic to the embryo at the stage of formation. Topically shown to the introduction of etiotropic drugs, dose and course prescribed by the doctor. Self-medication during pregnancy is unacceptable.
It rarely happens that, the disturbed microflora and genitals are inflamed with only one pathogen. Usually the process involved a conditionally-pathogenic flora women. There are situations when the treatment with antibiotics led to the elimination of the pathogen, but also to increase the number of harmful bacteria in the vaginal flora.
Special attention is paid to the diagnostics. It is carried out comprehensively. Examined urogenital microflora completely for the mostthe correct choice of treatment. Factor provocateur development of dysbiosis may be any disease in the gastrointestinal tract, leading to dibiase in the intestine, decrease in bifidobacteria and lactobacilli, increase of pathogenic micro-organisms by sowing of E. coli or enterococci in the vagina. Pathogenesis complex. Restoration of the microflora are subject to both the intestines and vagina. High risk of recurrence in the future.
Pathogenic microflora of the vagina in women is not transmitted to the partner through sexual contact. Development of harmful bacteria will not be if the male body is healthy and there is no special predisposition. Only in rare cases may develop urethritis or balanoposthitis. Also the microflora of healthy women will not be violated if a sexually transmitted disease, men are no.
Sitz baths are useful for a given ailment, for example, added to water decoction of Hypericum. The destruction of the fungal flora in the vagina contribute soda baths (1ch.l. on 5L water +50 drops of iodine). Good to take at night before bedtime.
For the normalization of microflora, use the following recipe: aloe Vera (juice) is mixed with vegetable oil, the resulting composition is moistened swab is inserted into the cavity of the vagina.
It is useful to drink milk products, goat's milk. But make them douching is not recommended. You can only aggravate the situation.
Moisten swabs can of sea buckthorn, olive oil. For douching to do infusions of goose cinquefoil, chamomile, cherry (fruit).
Dysbiosis - an unpleasant disease, to deliver a lot of trouble and inconvenience to the women. You should always take care of your health in advance, rather than to treat the disease, to look for ways to resolve the problem.
In order to prevent you should not forget about personal hygiene, cleaning genital organs, rational and balanced diet, wear only cotton underwear bottom (without any synthetics), using condoms. Tampons and sanitary pads that cause allergies, is also not recommended.