What is the endocervicitis and how to treat this disease?
The cervix represents the lower segment of this important reproductive organ, facing the inside of the vagina. The cervix is the narrowed, slightly elongated shape. Inside the cervix is the cervical canal, the internal surface of which is covered with a mucous membrane, endocervical. The folds give the endocervix cervix elasticity. Due to such a structure, the cervix may be stretched during the generative process, so the fetus can pass through birth canal.
Under the epithelial layer of the mucous membrane of the cervix are located a number of glands that produce a special secret. The secret, i.e. the cervical mucus of healthy women normally transparent. The color and consistency of cervical mucus varies during the different periods of the menstrual cycle.
Cervical mucus provides anti-infectious protection of the internal reproductive organs. Due to this, the uterine cavity is protected from infection. Additional protection is provided by vaginal lactoflora. The level of acidity created by lactic acid bacteria, prevents the development of harmful microorganisms.
Violations of the above processes can lead to the development of various diseases, such as endocervicitis.
Therefore, endocervicitis must be treated very carefully and only under the supervision of a specialist. Self-medication in this case is extremely dangerous!
Disease during pregnancy
During the period of gestation endocervicitis is usually diagnosed only in exceptional cases. However, this disease poses a serious risk to the unborn baby. It occurs when the development of ascending infection, which can penetrate into the cavity of the uterus.
If the inflammation in endocervicitis a pregnant woman does not go beyond the cervical canal, may cause danger to the health of the expectant mother. As a consequence of the inflammatory process are the disruption of the structure of the cervical canal, causing it to lose its elasticity. This leads to cracks, tears and other mechanical damage of the cervix during the passage of the fetus through the birth canal. Therefore, endocervicitis in pregnancy need to be treated.
To protect themselves from endocervicitis, women of reproductive age should:
- carefully monitor their health;
- every six months to undergo routine medical examination on the gynecological chair;
- lead a regular sex life with permanent partner;
- during sexual contacts with casual partners have to use condoms;
- all the pathology that occurred during childbirth or abortion, have to heal, breaks to take in;
- to strengthen the immune system;
- carefully to heal inflammation in the pelvic area;
- to avoid excessive physical exertion, especially lifting weights.
It is also important to lead a healthy lifestyle.