What is diffuse changes prostate by ultrasound?
Ultrasound diagnostics allows to study the structure of the prostate, its density and dimensions. Normal is less than 25 mm. the Parameters of a healthy prostate - 3 to 5 inches. It structure should be symmetrical, with clear contours, the structure is homogeneous, normal density, is set to 5 zones with the presence of seminal vesicles.
Diffuse changes in the prostate gland presented degenerative damage to the structure as a result of inflammation, abscess, tumor formation.
Any pathological lesion causing a disease of the genital organs of men, it is possible to see on the procedure of the ultrasound examination. Only ultrasound allows the technician to accurately determine the type of pathology - cancer or cystic formation, prostatitis in the acute or chronic stage, to identify the adenoma and abscess. It is possible that each of the observed pathological conditions of the prostate are distinctive features. Urologists they are called pathognomic changes included in the number of indicators of ultrasonic diagnostics.
Adenoma corresponds to a benign hyperplasia of the prostate. Under this condition, the size of the body is increased, which further causes the deterioration of discharge of urine and the inability to completely empty the bladder.
The main symptoms of adenoma: a feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder, frequent episodes of urination, weak pressure of urine flow, the more serious the situation is to retard the urine.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia on ultrasound shows himself as the excess of the size of the gland and separate adenomatous nodular formations.
A cyst of the prostate is the consequence of a permanent form of prostatitis. On ultrasound, the cyst appears as a formation with a liquid content, developed in the prostate gland. Ultrasound identifies location of education and its parameters.
Prostate cancer is a malignant process in the cells of the gland, characteristic of men older than 60 years. Prostate cancer quite a long time may not show any symptoms, which often doesn't permit it in timeto diagnose and to heal. Due to the high risk of this condition a study shown by ultrasound to be done every year for all patients over 50 years old. Ultrasound picture of cancer of the male gland is specific: it is noted the presence of a hypoechogenic area at the periphery.