Causes, symptoms and treatment of acute prostatitis
Given the weak availability of prostate to the action of medicines, treatment of diseases (especially chronic) can be complicated.
The causes of the disease
Acute inflammation of the prostate occurs after infection with a bacterial infection. The cause of the inflammation of the large intestine coli (E. coli). Very rarely an acute inflammation of prostate gland occurs due to viral infection. In this body the microorganisms to get, as a rule, the urine.
The disease can be a complication of sexually transmitted infections for example gonorrhoea. Sometimes microorganisms get into the prostate through the blood.
The acute form of prostatitis is a serious disease, often accompanied by the presence of bacteria in blood and difficult to treat.
Chronic inflammation has many causes. Based on the factor that causes the disease, it is divided into bacterial and non-bacterial.
Chronic bacterial inflammation of the prostate develops usually as a result of inefficient treatment of acute inflammation. Called typically the same pathogens as in acute inflammation. It also happens (although very rarely), it occurs as a complication of other diseases such as tuberculosis.
The mainstay of treatment of inflammation of the prostate is the use of antibiotics. In most cases it is sufficient to take them inside, however, people in serious condition they may need to be intravenous. In the course of the disease there is a sharp delay of urine. In such cases, the bladder catheter. The correct treatment of acute inflammation of the prostate avoids the transition of the disease into a chronic condition and the development of other complications.
Treatment of chronic inflammation of the prostate gland is hard and long process. Depending on the reason for and duration of the disease, you can apply different means, such as antibiotics, drugs that cause smooth muscle relaxation, anti-inflammatory, analgesic medications, muscle relaxants, or substances that block the effect of testosterone on the prostate. But it happens that one medication is impossible to do. It is therefore recommended simultaneous application of other methods, hot baths and various medical diet (avoiding alcohol,caffeine and spicy foods). The final method used in the absence of effect of conservative treatment is removal of the prostate gland.
If it is wrong to treat inflammation of the prostate, it threatens the transition of the disease into a chronic form, which is subject to much worse treatment. During acute inflammation of the prostate may accumulation of pus within the body - the so-called abscess. It can be the reason for the persistence of symptoms of inflammation despite appropriate treatment. Especially often this complication occurs in people with weakened immune systems, diabetics or with renal insufficiency.
Severe life-threatening complication is the introduction of bacteria into the blood, sepsis and septic shock. To avoid this, in the acute stage of the disease not to do a prostate massage.
In some cases, the disease causes the development of inflammation of other organs, including the epididymis, testicles and pyelonephritis of the kidneys.